Followers’ Comply to Toxic Leaders: the Context of Engineering Academicians in Research University in Malaysia
Aishah Tamby Omar1, Ungku Norulkamar Ungku Ahmad2
1Aishah Binti Tamby Omar, Centre For the Promotion of Knowledge and Language Learning, Jalan UMS, University Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia.
2Ungku Norulkamar Ungku Ahmad, Azman Hashim International Business School, Johor Bharu, Malaysia.
Manuscript received on November 12, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on November 25, 2019. | Manuscript published on 30 November, 2019. | PP: 5481-5489 | Volume-8 Issue-4, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: D8790118419/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.D8790.118419
Open Access | Ethics and Policies | Cite | Mendeley | Indexing and Abstracting
© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Followership benefits a lot in an organization. A good and skilled follower can support the organization by helping a leader upright and on a track. However, in a certain situation, followers choose to follow a toxic leader. Although researchers have examined the followers susceptible to bad leaders, the types of follower are yet to be investigate using Toxic Leadership Theory. Thus, the objectives of this research are to determine the extent to which follower’s personality comply with toxic leaders. Besides that, this study attempts to show that age as a moderating variable in the relationship between followers and toxic leaders. Few studies have investigated the influence of follower’s personality on toxic leadership growth. Therefore, this study provided new insights into follower personality on toxic leadership process specifically in higher education context. A total of 350 academicians from engineering field were involved and the data were analyzed using structural equation modelling (SEM) via SmartPLS 3.0. The findings indicate that ambitious have a positive impact on toxic leaders, core self-evaluation have negative impact on toxic leaders, congruent values have positive impact on toxic leaders, self-concept has negative impact on toxic leaders and congruent values has positive impact on toxic leaders through age. Finally, a theoretical and practical implication have been discussed for future directions.
Keywords: Academicians, Modelling, Personality, Toxic Leadership.
Scope of the Article: Computer Graphics, Simulation, and Modelling.