Heat Transfer Performance of EG-Water Based Fe3O4 and its Hybrid Nanofluids in a Double Pipe Heat Exchanger
T. Kanthimathi1, P. Bhramara2, Ayub Shaik3
1T. Kanthimathi*, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Koneru Lakshmaiah Education Foundation, Guntur Dt., Andhra Pradesh, India.
2P. Bhramara, Department of Mechanical Engineering, JNTU College of Engineering, Kukatpally, Hyderabad, Telangana State, India.
3Ayub Shaik, , Department of Mechanical Engineering, JNTU College of Engineering, Kukatpally, Hyderabad, Telangana State, India.
Manuscript received on November 12, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on November 25, 2019. | Manuscript published on 30 November, 2019. | PP: 5892-5898 | Volume-8 Issue-4, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: D8782118419/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.D8782.118419
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Nanofluids have good potential in enhancing the heat transfer performance of conventional fluids. In the present paper, the heat transfer performance of Fe3O4 and its Hybrid mixture with Fe3O4 and SiC nanoparticles in the volume ratio of 50:50 in 20:80 Ethylene Glycol (EG) –Water as base fluid are determined experimentally and the results are compared with that of the base fluid. The volume concentration range of nanoparticles considered in the analysis is 0.01% to 0.08%. The experiment is carried under turbulent flow conditions with Reynolds number ranging from 5000 to 20000 in a Double Pipe Heat Exchanger (DPHE) with U-bend. Results indicate that the thermal conductivity of hybrid nanofluid is higher by 16.19% and its viscosity is lower by 11.6% compared to Fe3O4/20:80 EG-Water nanofluid at an operating temperature of 45°C. The heat transfer coefficient and overall performance of hybrid nanofluid are better than Fe3O4/20:80 EG-Water nanofluid. The overall performance of Hybrid nanofluid is 27.75% better than that of Fe3O4/20:80 EG-Water nanofluid.
Keywords: Heat Transfer Coefficient Hybrid Nanofluid, Thermal Performance, Turbulent Flow, Volume Concentration.
Scope of the Article: Measurement & Performance Analysis.