Design of Variable Fractional Delay Filter using FIR Filter Approximation
Ch. Kusma Kumari1, T. Narendra Babu2, D. Sita Siva3, P. V. S. Sankaracharyulu4
1Kusma Kumari Cheepurupalli, Associate Professor Department of ECE, Gayatri Vidya Parishad College of Engineering (Autonomous) Visakhapatnam, AP, India.
2T.Narendra Babu, M.Tech in VLSI Design and Embedded Systems in the department of ECE, Gayatri Vidya Parishad College of Engineering (Autonomous).
3Dadi Sita Siva, Assistant Professor in the department of ECE, Gayatri Vidya Parishad College of Engineering (Autonomous), Visakhpatnam.
4P.V.S. Sankaracharyulu, M.Tech in VLSI Design and Embedded Systems in the department of ECE, Gayatri Vidya Parishad College of Engineering (Autonomous), Visakhapatnam.
Manuscript received on November 12, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on November 25, 2019. | Manuscript published on 30 November, 2019. | PP: 5932-5936 | Volume-8 Issue-4, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: D8734118419/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.D8734.118419
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Beamforming plays an important role in the field of wireless communication. Beamforming means combination of a radio frequency (RF) signals from multiple antennas to form a single direction beam. This technique improves the quality of communication and reduces the interference of signal. In beam forming technique, different phases signals can be achieved with different signals and the received phase delay signals are converted into same phase, multiply with weight factor and combined this signals to form a beam in desired direction. The required phase delays are generated by using a Variable fractional delay filter. Variable fractional delay filter is design by using a direct form of a FIR filter structure. Variable fractional delay filter is calculated by two different phase signals from digital antennas and those two different phase signals are converted to in- phase and added together to form a beam forming. As the order of the filter increases, the delay also increases. The filter coefficients of the variable fractional delay filter are calculated my using a Lagrange interpolation method. The variable fractional delay filter is designed by using software Xilinx version 14.3.
Keywords: Beamforming, Lagrange Interpolation Method, Phase Delay, Variable Fractional Delay.
Scope of the Article: Smart Learning Methods and Environments.