Eco-Friendly Remediation To Mitigate the Toxic Effects of Emerging Contaminant Diclofenac
Saloni Sharma1, Hema Setia2
1Saloni Sharma, Department of Biotechnology, University Institute of Engineering and Technology, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India.
2Hema Setia*, Department of Biotechnology, University Institute of Engineering and Technology, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India.
Manuscript received on November 12, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on November 25, 2019. | Manuscript published on 30 November, 2019. | PP: 6089-6094 | Volume-8 Issue-4, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: D8716118419/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.D8716.118419
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Diclofenac (DCF), a non-steroidal anti- inflammatory drug has turned into an anthropogenic pollutant of emerging concern. Chronic exposure to DCF not only draws special attention to health issues for aquatic organisms, arthropods, and higher plants but also leads to serious damage to human beings. Its persistence in the ecosystem and synergistic interactions with existing pollutants may lead to proliferation of newly emerging contaminants which further disrupt the balance of nature. This comprehensive review highlights the toxicity effects of DCF and its metabolites. To counter this critical environmental imbalance, bioremediation is exploited for effective environmental clean-up. It is a fast, simple, cost effective and eco –friendly approach that explores microbial communities for mitigating the harmful effects of such toxic contaminants to control the levels of pollution. The practice of bioremediation approach using beneficial microorganisms in DCF degradation is important as it generates less hazardous compounds by maintaining the environment stability. Microorganisms adapt in the extreme conditions to transform DCF into innocuous intermediate metabolic products. These beneficial bioremediators can be used in the biological treatment of waste water thereby providing cleaner water resources to reduce the levels of water pollution, which is a great concern worldwide.
Keywords: Bioremediation, Degradation metabolites, Diclofenac, Toxicity effects.
Scope of the Article: Bio-Science and Bio-Technology.