Combustion Behaviors of a Compression Ignition Engine Fuelled with Mosambipeel Blends Pyro oil using Ethyl Ether as an Additive
K.Venkaresan1, Basam. Koteswararao2, L.Ranganath3
1K. Venkaresan*, Associate Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Koneru Lakshmaiah Education Foundation, Vaddeswaram, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India.
2Basam.Koteswararao, Lecturer, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Maddawalabu University, Bale Robe, Ethiopia.
3Ranganath, Assistant Professor. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Koneru Lakshmaiah Education Foundation, Vaddeswaram, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Manuscript received on November 12, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on November 25, 2019. | Manuscript published on 30 November, 2019. | PP: 6045-6049 | Volume-8 Issue-4, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: D8589118419/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.D8589.118419

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Abstract: Diesel engines are principally employed in industries, transportation and agricultural fields because of their high efficiency and reliability. However, too much of smoke and nitric oxide emissions is one of the drawbacks. To regulate pollution and other negative effects of diesel engines, alternative fuels have come into existence. Ethanol produced from sugarcane in the biomass process is a recent example of it, due to its high octane number. But using raw ethanol is not a quality fuel for a solid ignition engine. It can be converted through a dehydration process to produce Diethyl Ether (DEE), which is an excellent compression-ignition fuel with a higher energy level than ethanol. DEE having a starting problem can’t be used directly in large amounts in diesel engines, but using it in small amounts is an advantage. This paper highlights the performance of blended pyrolysis oil with diesel fuel in the combination of DEE used in a mono cylinder four-stroke diesel engine. The pyrolysis process was used to extract the pyro oil from the Mosambi peel biomass. The oil has been extracted from Mosambi peel at the reaction temperature of 750˚C, in other words, the fast pyrolysis process. The study was conducted on composition of MDEE5 (5%MPPO+5%DEE+90D),MDEE10(10%MPPO+5%DEE+85%D) and MDEE15 (15% MPPO + 5%DEE + 80% D). Characteristics of the above combinations, MDEE5, MDEE10, and MDEE15 were analyzed and the properties like viscosity, density, flashpoint, fire point FTIR analysis of oils are also recorded. The blending of pyrolysis oil and DEE are mixed with diesel fuel with its volume. All the blended fuels were tested at 1500 rpm single-cylinder diesel engine. The maximum power output of brake thermal efficiency was recorded as 31.5% with MDEE5 as it was 30.0% with BD. The emission of smoke and NOx were considerably reduced.
Keywords: Diesel Engine, Diethyl ether, Mosambi peel pyro oil, Engine performance and Emission.
Scope of the Article: Measurement & Performance Analysis.