Determination of Surface Roughness Throughout CNC Turning of ASTM 316 Steel Expending Taguchi Method
Shweta Siktta Swain1, N. K. Kund2
1Shweta Siktta Swain, Department of Production Engineering, Veer Surendra Sai University of Technology (VSSUT) Burla (A Government Technical University).
2Dr. N. K. Kund, Associate Professor, Department of Production Engineering, VSSUT Burla (A Government Technical University).

Manuscript received on November 10, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on November 17, 2019. | Manuscript published on 30 November, 2019. | PP: 3966-3969 | Volume-8 Issue-4, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: D8477118419/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.D8477.118419

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Abstract: Plan of experiment involving Taguchi method got developed and executed to gauge impact of various machining variables (V, F and D) on surface roughness throughout CNC turning of ASTM 316 steel using coated carbide insert. Research findings through different mathematical analyses provided the effective guideline for choosing appropriate machine settings to realize surface roughness within the recommended range during stated turning operation. Ideal machining situations got determined to minimize the surface roughness (here surface roughness factors Ra with Rz) in turning of the same. Feed remains observed as paramount momentous variable for workpiece surface roughness. Furthermore, cutting speed remains observed as subsequent paramount momentous variable for workpiece surface roughness. Additionally, depth of cut remains observed as least paramount momentous variable for workpiece surface roughness, Rz only, however, depth of cut got absolutely insignificant impression on Ra. Present investigation clearly reveals that multicoated carbide inserts performed splendidly at optimal machining variables combination of V = 150 m/min, F = 0.10 mm/rev with D = 0.4 mm. Calculated ideal limit of sample surface unevenness, Ra and Rz are 0.16 μm ≤ Ra ≤ 0.52 μm and 1.4 μm ≤ Rz ≤ 3.1 μm, respectively. Moreover, surface roughness, Ra is also within stipulated precarious limit of 1.5 μm (i.e. Ra < 1.5 μm) for turning with coated carbide inserts.
Keywords: Surface Roughness, CNC Turning, ASTM 316 Steel, Taguchi Method, Machining Variables, Workpiece.
Scope of the Article: Probabilistic Models and Methods.