Design, Simulation & Analysis of Rectangular & Circular Microstrip Patch Antenna for Wireless Applications
Harshit Srivastava1, Usha Tiwari2
1Harshit Srivastava, Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, KCC Institute of Technology and Management, Greater Noida, India.
2Usha Tiwari, Department of Electronics and Communication, Sharda University, Greater Noida, India. 

Manuscript received on November 12, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on November 25, 2019. | Manuscript published on 30 November, 2019. | PP: 5078-5082 | Volume-8 Issue-4, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: D8300118419/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.D8300.118419

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Abstract: While the revolution in antenna engineering leads to the fast-growing communication systems, Microstrip Patch Antennas (MPA) have proven to be the most unconventional discovery in the epoch of miniaturization. This paper incorporates the designing, simulation, and analysis of rectangular & circular microstrip patch antennas. The resonating frequency of the proposed patch antennas is 9 GHz, lying in the X band region and are designed on Rogers RT/duroid 5880 material having dielectric constant 2.2, using Ansys HFSS software. The proposed MPAs were compared on the basis of five performance parameters (Return loss, Bandwidth, VSWR, Gain and HPBW). It was observed that rectangular MPA has a higher value of return loss, VSWR and HPBW than circular MPA. Whereas, circular MPA has greater bandwidth and gain than rectangular MPA. The proposed antennas can be used in radar, wireless and satellite applications.
Keywords: Circular, Rectangular, Microstrip Patch Antenna, Stripline Feeding.
Scope of the Article: Emulation and Simulation Methodologies for IoT.