Seismic Behavior of Mid-Rise Precast Reinforced Concrete Building with Effect of Joints and Supports
Shaibaz Bin Iqbal1, B. Narender2
1Shaibaz Bin Iqbal, Master’s, Department of Structural Engineering, Anurag Group of Institutions (An Autonomous Institution), Venkatapur, Hyderabad (Telangana) India.
2Dr. B. Narender, Associate Professor, Department of Structural Engineering, Anurag Group of Institutions (An Autonomous Institution), Venkatapur, Hyderabad (Telangana) India.
Manuscript received on November 20, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on November 26, 2019. | Manuscript published on 30 November, 2019. | PP: 3633-3637 | Volume-8 Issue-4, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: D7846118419/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.D7846.118419
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Precast concrete structures are widely used in construction. It consists of prefabricated elements casted in industry and connected to each other to form a homogeneous structure. Connections function is to transfer moments and axial forces. Many engineers assume precast connection as pinned, but in reality, they are semi-rigid connections that transfer forces to other members. Lack of design and detailing of connection leads to improper behaviour of the structure, which then leads to the collapse of the building. Past earthquake studies show that many precast buildings performed poorly, and the main reasons were connections. This paper mainly focuses on understanding the seismic behaviour of mid-rise i.e seven-storey precast reinforced concrete buildings with various beam-column joints i.e rigid, semi-rigid, pinned and column-base supports i.e, fixed and hinged supports. Building is modelled and analyzed using ETABS v17 software. Rotational stiffness of precast billet connection is adopted for modelling of semi-rigid beam-column connections. Response spectrum and modal analysis are carried out. Results of displacements, storey drift, storey shear, storey stiffness, base shear, time periods and first mode shapes of models are discussed. It is observed, precast reinforced concrete building models with semi rigid connection performs better than building models with pinned connections and building models with fixed supports reduces the structural response to a great extent.
Keywords: Beam-Colum Connection, Precast Concrete Structures, Response Spectrum Analysis, Supports.
Scope of the Article: Concrete Structures.