Classification and Change Detection of Tirupati Urban Area using Erosion and Dilation Based PCA Transform
M.Dharani1, G.Sreenivasulu2
1M.Dharani, Research Scholar, Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Sri Venkateswara University College of Engineering, S.V.University, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India.
2Dr. G.Sreenivasulu, Professor, Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Sri Venkateswara University College of Engineering, S.V. University, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Manuscript received on November 15, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on November 23, 2019. | Manuscript published on November 30, 2019. | PP: 410-414 | Volume-8 Issue-4, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: D6963118419/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.D6963.118419

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Abstract: In remote sensing, the identification of the land use and land cover (LULC) changes in the global and local region are developed by classification and detection algorithms. This classification system can be developed to meet the needs of state agencies, and Federal for an up-to-date analyze of LULC throughout the entire selected of region area. The multispectral images have multiple low-resolution bands due to lack of sensory acquisition problem, haze-covered on earth objects and atmospheric distributions. So difficult to analyze the full information, the user wrongly interprets the information. Image processing applications can be done for compress and enhance the details of land surface details. The Principal Component Analysis and Morphological operations are implemented for compressing and feature extract the color and earth object values with good accuracy level. Change Detection between the time difference of the proposed enhanced images for land objects classes was computed. The most extensive land cover change category identification of the Tirupati urban Agricultural and forest area for the last 14 years. The change analyzed by using the image differencemethod for obtaining the changing level of the forest and urban development areas between two-timeintervals.
Keywords: Multispectral Images, Principal Component Analysis, Morphological Operations, Haze, Enhancement, Land Use.
Scope of the Article: Classification.