Performance Studies on Stone Mastic Asphalt Mixes with Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement
Anusha T M1, Akhilesh B R2, H S Jagadeesh3
1Anusha T M*, Ph.D. Student, Department of Civil Engineering, BMS College of Engineering, Bangalore (Karnataka), India.
2Akhilesh B R, Department of Civil Engineering, BMS College of Engineering, Bangalore (Karnataka), India.
3Dr H S Jagadeesh, Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, BMS College of Engineering, Bangalore (Karnataka), India.
Manuscript received on October 05, 2021. | Revised Manuscript received on October 18, 2021. | Manuscript published on November 30, 2021. | PP: 129-138 | Volume-10 Issue-4, November 2021. | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijrte.D65031110421 | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.D6503.1110421
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Stone mastic asphalt (SMA) is a gap graded mix which is categorised by more quantity of coarse aggregate, high asphalt content and fibre. Due to stone on stone contact and presences of high filler content, it acts as a stiff matrix and reduces the rutting due to heavy traffic load. This research presents a study on fatigue performance RAP replaced SMA mixes using VG 30 as binder along with elastomer as a modifier and results were compared with conventional SMA mix. The specimens prepared were tested using several laboratory test procedures: Marshall mix design, indirect tensile strength, moisture susceptibility, drain down test and Repeated load fatigue test. Test results showed Marshall Properties of the RAP mix improved up to a RAP content of 30% without elastomer modifier and RAP content up to 60% with elastomeric modifier. From the moisture susceptibility test results, the elastomeric modified SMA mix showed high resistance to moisture damage when compared to conventional mix and 30% RAP replacement mix. Repeated load fatigue test was conducted for different stress load and temperature and results showed elastomeric modified SMA mix offered high resistance to deformation across all stress level and temperature when compared to conventional and optimum RAP mix. As a fatigue loading increased resulted in decrease of number of fatigue cycles and increased in the initial tensile strain of the mix. As the percentage of RAP addition increased the initial tensile strain decreased.
Keywords: Stone Mastic Asphalt, Indirect Tensile Strength, Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement, Repeated load Fatigue test, Resilient modulus.