Discovering the Readiness of Malaysian Industry in Adaptation of Industrial Revolution 4.0 towards Manufacturing Sustainability
M.N.H.M. Rosdi1, M.R. Muhamad2, W.H.W. Mahmood3, M.H.A. Kadir4
1Mohd Noor Hanif Mohd Rosdi*, Department of Quality and Productivity, Kolej Kemahiran Tinggi MARA, KM8, Jalan Gambang 25150 Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia.
2Mohd Razali Muhamad, Department of Manufacturing Engineering, University Technical Malaysia, Malacca, Malaysia.
3Wan Hasrulnizzam Wan Mahmood, Department of Engineering Technology, University Technical Malaysia, Malacca.
4Mohd Hafiz Abd Kadir, Department of Technology and Process, Kolej Kemahiran Tinggi MARA, KM8, Jalan Gambang 25150 Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia.
Manuscript received on November 11, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on November 20 2019. | Manuscript published on 30 November, 2019. | PP: 10994-10998 | Volume-8 Issue-4, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: D5422118419/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.D5422.118419
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Industrial revolution 4.0 is hitting manufacturing industry where a big amount of data and equipment are being introduced. There are many definition of IR 4.0 defined by researchers and industrialists from the whole world. Some of the popular definition are customization, digitalization, flexible, responsiveness and automation. This paper will focused only on one element of IR 4.0 which is responsiveness. Responsiveness holds an essential role in IR 4.0 where manufacturing firms have to be responsive on the whole manufacturing process related with their business from the production design, planning, customer, society, surrounding, technology, suppliers and stakeholders. On the other hand, lots of issues related with sustainability are arise either from governed authority or non-government bodies. This issue is very sensitive and should be considered by manufacturing firms in any decision made. This scenario makes IR 4.0 and sustainability looked moving in the opposite direction where achieving and competing in IR 4.0 will make manufacturing firms neglecting the sustainability issue. In order to be more sustainable in this industry, manufacturing firms should consider to be responsiveness and its impact towards manufacturing sustainability. This research started with finding the key manufacturing responsiveness and sustainability practices and elements from the published articles. Then, a structured questionnaire survey is constructed thus distributed to reachable manufacturing firms in Malaysia. The data gathered is analyzed using SPSS software on the data reduction and factor analysis, Cronbach’s alpha reliability test and Pearson correlation. The result proved that Malaysian industry is very well aware and prepared regarding manufacturing responsiveness and sustainability as well as manufacturing management. When analyzed deeper, research found that Malaysian industry is lack or considered weak in competitiveness thus it is essential in future to focus on this area.
Keywords: Industry Revolution 4.0, Manufacturing Responsiveness, Manufacturing Sustainability..
Scope of the Article: Manufacturing Processes.