Effect of Mordant Types and Methods on the Color Fastness Properties of Silk Fabrics dyed with Brown Seaweeds
Nabila Talib1, Mohd Rozi Ahmad2, Muhammad Ismail Ab Kadir3, Khudzir Ismail4
1Nabila Talib, Textile Research Group, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia.
2* Mohd Rozi Ahmad, Textile Research Group, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia.
3Khudzir Ismail, Fuel and Biomass Energy Research Group, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam, Malaysia.
4Muhammad Ismail Ab Kadir, Textile Research Group, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia.
Manuscript received on November 20, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on November 28, 2019. | Manuscript published on 30 November, 2019. | PP: 6898-6901 | Volume-8 Issue-4, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: D5173118419/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.D5173.118419
Open Access | Ethics and Policies | Cite | Mendeley | Indexing and Abstracting
© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Natural dyes come from plenty of sources including plants, animals, insects or microorganisms. At present, natural dyes are highly demanded in textile application. In this study, brown seaweed (Sargassum spinosum) extracts were utilized for silk coloration with the use of metallic salts mordants (Iron II Sulphate and Aluminium Sulphate) and biomordants (cinnamon and chitosan). Dyeing was performed with pre-mordanting and simultaneous mordanting methods. The dyed fabrics were analyzed in terms of color fastness properties to washing, perspiration, rubbing and light. The results revealed that seaweed dyes with cinnamon mordant gave darker shades and higher absorbency towards silk which is comparable to iron mordant. The approach of using biomordant is parallel to the sustainability demand of natural dyes in textile application.
Keywords: Sargassum Sp., Brown Seaweed, Natural Dyes, Biomordant, Metallic Salts Mordant, Color Fastness.
Scope of the Article: Metallurgy.