Optimization of Directivity and Gain Performances on Circular Patch Antenna Design for 2.4 GHz Applications
Saidatul Hamidah Abd Hamid1, Goh Chin Hock2, Nayla Ferdous3
1Saidatul Hamidah Abd Hamid, College of Engineering, Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Jalan IKRAM-UNITEN, Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia.
2Goh Chin Hock, College of Engineering, Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Jalan IKRAM-UNITEN, Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia.
3Nayla Ferdous, College of Engineering, Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Jalan IKRAM-UNITEN, Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia.
Manuscript received on November 20, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on November 28, 2019. | Manuscript published on 30 November, 2019. | PP: 6442-6447 | Volume-8 Issue-4, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: D5155118419/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.D5155.118419
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: In this paper, simulation and optimization analysis on circular patch antenna for 2.4GHz is presented. The performance that been specifically focused in this analysis is the improvement of the directivity and gain of the circular patch antenna design. Basically, the objective of this analysis is to compare the circular patch antenna of a single form with 1×2 antenna array formation. These antennas are designed with the proximity feeding technique. From the previous literature and findings, the optimization works of array arrangement have been proven will improve the directivity and gain performances. In this study, the array arrangement with proximity feeding technique of optimization work to improve the directivity and gain of a circular patch antenna has been explored. Comparison of a single and array of micro strip circular patch with proximity feeding technique as the FR-4 is the substrates with permittivity equal to 3.95 is presented. Based on the results, 1×2 array arrangements enhance the directivity and gain output compared to a single form circular patch antenna design. The directivity performance improves 28% and gain has been improved by 47% after optimization. The findings show that the array elements with proximity feeding technique design offer to improve and enhance the directivity and gain performances of an antenna.
Keywords: Antenna Array, Gain, Optimization.
Scope of the Article: Design Optimization of Structures.