Modeling Outcomes of Unconventional Monetary Policy
Halyna Alekseievska1, AndriiKyfak2, Tetiana Rodionova3, Sergey Yakubovskiy4
1Halyna Alekseievska, Department of World Economy and International Economic Relations, Odessa I. I. Mechnikov National University, Odessa, Ukraine.
2AndriiKyfak, Department of World Economy and International Economic Relations, Odessa I. I. Mechnikov National University, Odessa, Ukraine.
3TetianaRodionova, Department of World Economy and International Economic Relations, Odessa I. I. MechnikovNational University, Odessa, Ukraine.
4Sergey Yakubovskiy, Department of World Economy and International Economic Relations, Odessa I. I. Mechnikov National University, Odessa, Ukraine.
Manuscript received on November 12, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on November 24 2019. | Manuscript published on 30 November, 2019. | PP: 10263-10268 | Volume-8 Issue-4, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: D4503118419/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.D4503.118419
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The paper presents a study of the outcomes of the unconventional monetary policy methods that the central banks of developed countries have been applying during and after the global financial crisis. Before the crisis central banks used the interest rate policy as their main tool. But the recent financial crisis has demonstrated the inefficiency of traditional methods (especially after the base interest rate has reached zero). Therefore in response to the global financial crisis, central banks of many countries have taken unconventional measures to overcome the crisis. The paper aims to study the main outcomes of unconventional monetary policy measures of the developed countries and formulate the recommendations for the developing countries. The following objectives are being met in the paper:to reveal the essence of the main mechanisms for implementing the unconventional monetary policy; to evaluate the efficiency of unconventional monetary policy in the US, Japan, United Kingdom;to model the impact of monetary policy of the European Central bank on the consumer price index in the Eurozone countries. Research methods: method of comparative analysis is usedto evaluate the efficiency of the unconventional monetary policy in the US, Japan, European Union and the United Kingdom.The model of themonetary policy impact on the consumer price index is based on econometric analysis and is constructed using the least squares method. The studied model includes both traditional and non-traditional methods.Observation period – quarterly data from 1999 to the second quarter of 2019. The results of the analysis show that unconventional monetary policy methods of the central banks of the developed countries reached major goals – to prevent bankruptcies of large financial institutions in national economies. Moreover, the results of the suggested model show that the European Central Bank policy has also reached its inflation target that supposed to stimulate economic growth; the most significant effect is observed in the first years after the launch of an unconventional monetary policy. At the same time the unconventional tools of monetary policy stimulate the extreme increase of the securities prices, which led to the “overheating” of the US stock market and the EU national bonds markets with the negative yield on government securities of several countries, which may become a trigger for a new global crisis in the future. The result of the analysis of monetary policy in Ukraine shows the limitations of the use of non-traditional measures for the developing countries.
Keywords: Central Banks, Unconventional Tools Of Monetary Policy, Developed Countries, Securities, Consumer Price Index, Financial Systems.
Scope of the Article: Industrial, Financial and Scientific Applications of All Kind.