Impact of Judicial Doctrine and Geo Spatial Technologies in Refinement of Environmental Impact Assessment Laws and Policies in India
M.Z.M. Nomani1, Mudassir Rasool Wani2, Madiha Tahreem3
1Z.M. Nomani, Professor, Faculty of Law, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh (U.P.) India.
2Mudassir Rasool Wani, Assistant Professor, School of Law, Kashmir University, Srinagr (J&KUTs) Madiha Tahreem , Senior Secondary School (Girls), Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh.
Manuscript received on November 20, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on November 28, 2019. | Manuscript published on 30 November, 2019. | PP: 8013-8016 | Volume-8 Issue-4, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: D4399118419/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.D4399.118419
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Abstract: Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) provides the perspective of strategic rebuilding of environment and sustainable development. The Constitution of India, 1950; Environment Protection Act, 1986 and EIA Notification, 2006 endeavours to protect and improve environment by envisaging environmental clearance of projects on the basis of environmental assessment report (EAR), environmental management plan (EMP), and public hearing. The social and strategic impact assessment (SIA) in EIA law in India is in constant experimentations at judicial, technological and procedural refinements. However the population growth, urbanization and alteration in land use pattern necessitated for application of geospatial technologies viz; remote sensing, Geographical Information Systems (GIS), and Global Positioning Systems (GPS) and Habitat Suitability (HS) models are employed for EIA process. The paper synthesizes the need for judicial and technological refinements in making EIA laws and governance an effective tool for sustainable development and equity in India.
Keywords: Environmental Impact Assessment, Social Impact Assessment, Strategic Impact Assessment, Judicial & Technological Refinements, Global Positioning System & Geographic Information System, Sustainable Development & Equity.
Scope of the Article: Recent Trends & Developments in Computer Networks.