Synthesis, Growth, Optical, Structural and Mechanical Characterization of SPNP and KPNP Single Crystal using Ethanol as a Solvent
R. Arivuselvi1, P. Ramesh Babu2, K. Shakila3, M. Lakshmipriya4
1R. Arivuselvi, PG & Research Department of Physics, Sri Vidya Mandir Arts & Science College, Katteri, Uthangarai, Tamil Nadu, India.
2P. Ramesh Babu, Department of Electronics and Communication Systems, Sri Krishna Arts and Science College, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.
3K. Shakila, Department of Physics, Idhaya College of Arts & Science For Women’s Pondicherry.
4M. Lakshmipriya, Department of Physics, School of Basic Sciences, Vels Institute of Science, Technology and Advanced Studies, Chennai.

Manuscript received on November 20, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on November 28, 2019. | Manuscript published on 30 November, 2019. | PP: 7782-7785 | Volume-8 Issue-4, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: D4283118419/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.D4283.118419

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Abstract: Single crystals of sodium para nitro phenol (SPNP) and potassium para nitro phenol (KPNP) was synthesized at room temperature by slow evaporation solution growth technique using ethanol as a solvent upto the size of 12 × 3 × 2 mm3 and 15 × 2 × 2 mm3 respectively. The grown crystals were characterized by UV- Visible, photoluminescence, Kurtz- Perry test, single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis and Vicker’s microhardness studies. Structural identification of grown crystals was done by single crystal X-ray diffraction and it shows both the crystals are belongs to triclinic crystal system. The SPNP and KPNP crystal emits green light radiation as evident from the PL measurement. The UV -Visible study revealed that the grown crystal has high transmission window with cut off wavelength of 207 nm and 208 nm respectively. And also the direct optical band gap was estimated to be 3.23 eV and 3.20 eV using Tauc’s plot. The SHG output of grown crystals was recorded by Kurtz Perry technique and it is found to be nearly five times greater than the reference KDP. The Vickers hardness test confirms the mechanical stability of the material.
Keywords: Hardness, NLO, Optical, SHG..
Scope of the Article: Optical Link Design.