Detection of Cardiac Arrhythmia using Machine Learning Algorithms
Manoj Athreya A1, Avani H S2, Pooja3, Madhu S4, K. Paramesha5
1Manoj Athreya A*, Computer Science Department, Vidyavardhaka College of Engineering, Mysuru, India.
2Avani H S, Computer Science Department, Vidyavardhaka College of Engineering, Mysuru, India.
3Pooja, Computer Science Department, Vidyavardhaka College of Engineering, Mysuru, India.
4Madhu S, Computer Science Department, Vidyavardhaka College of Engineering, Mysuru, India.
5Dr. Paramesha K, Computer Science Department, Vidyavardhaka College of Engineering, Mysuru, India.
Manuscript received on November 11, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on November 20 2019. | Manuscript published on 30 November, 2019. | PP: 11704-11707 | Volume-8 Issue-4, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: D4249118419/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.D4249.118419
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Cardiac Arrhythmia is a type of condition a human being suffers from abnormal heart rhythm. This is experienced due to the malfunctioning of electrical impulses that coordinate the heartbeat. When this happens the heartbeats slow/ fast more precisely irregularly. The rhythm of the heart is controlled by a major node called the sinus node which is present at the top of the heart, triggers the electrical pulses which make the heart to beat and pumping of blood to the body. Some of the symptoms of Cardiac Arrhythmia are fainting, unconsciousness, shortness of breath, unexpected functioning of the heart. It leads to death in minutes if medical attention is not provided. To diagnose this doctor, require to study the heart recordings evaluate heartbeats from different parts of the body accurately. It takes a lot of time to evaluate so based on the research work contributed in this field we try to propose a different approach to the same. In this paper, we compare different machine learning techniques and algorithms proposed by different authors and understand the advantages and disadvantages of the system and to bring a new system in place of the existing system where all have used the same ECG recordings from the same database of MIT-BIH. With the initial research work done by us we found out that the use of Phonocardiogram Recordings (PCG) provides more fidelity and accurate compared to ECG recordings. With the initial stage of work, we take the PCG recordings dataset and convert it to a spectrogram image and apply a convolutional neural network to predict the normal or abnormal heartbeat.
Keywords: Cardiac Arrhythmia, PCG, Spectrograms, Convolution Neural Network, Heart Rhythm.
Scope of the Article: Machine Learning.