Bio Engineering of Xylan Production
Vigneshwaran R1, Sankar M2, Vignesh Kumar S3

1Vigneshwaran R, Department of Biotechnology, Kalasalingam Academy of Research and Education College, Krishnankoil (Tamil Nadu), India.
2Sankar M, Department of Biotechnology, Mepco Schlenk Engineering College, Sivakasi (Tamil Nadu), India.
3Vignesh Kumar S, Department of Biotechnology, Mepco Schlenk Engineering College, Sivakasi (Tamil Nadu), India.
Manuscript received on 05 December 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 24 December 2019 | Manuscript Published on 31 December 2019 | PP: 1020-1024 | Volume-8 Issue-4S2 December 2019 | Retrieval Number: D11501284S219/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.D1150.1284S219
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Abstract: Xylan has a wide application in different types of fields specifically in coating of pipelines and drug delivery systems. Xylan was extracted from cheap agricultural wastes such as sugarcane bagasse, corncobs, ricehulls, wheat husks by alkaline method. The presence of xylan was confirmed by identifying the functional groups by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy. The concentration of glucose was analyzed quantitatively by phenol sulphuric acid assay. It was found tha tminimum concentration of glucose was observed as present in the commercial xylan. The extracted xylan was characterized using Scanning Electron Microscopy to determine the morphology. The aim of the study is to compare the efficiency of extraction among various agro- wastes. This study reveals that maximum production of xylan was obtained in sugarcane bagasse when compared with corncobs, rice hulls and wheat husks. The maximum xylan recovery of 67.5% was found from sugarcane bagasse.
Keywords: Xylan, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy, Scanning Electron Microscopy.
Scope of the Article: Bio-Science and Bio-Technology