Bio Safety and Bioethics Are the Ground of Modern Biotechnologies Development
Alyeksyenko Iryna1, Skyba Eleonora2, Margulov Arthur3
1Alyeksyenko Iryna, Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, Dnipropetrovsk State University of Internal Affairs, ORCID.
2Skyba Eleonora, Doctor of Philosophic Sciences, Professor, Dnipropetrovsk State University of Internal Affairs, Eleonora, ORCID.
3Margulov Arthur, Doctor of Historic Sciences, Professor, Dnipropetrovsk State University of Internal Affairs, ORCID.
Manuscript received on 26 November 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 10 December 2019 | Manuscript Published on 19 December 2019 | PP: 41-45 | Volume-8 Issue-4S November 2019 | Retrieval Number: D10191184S19/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.D1019.1184S19
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: This article summarizes different points of view in the context of scientific discussion on biosafety and the legal regulation of biotechnology use by states. The legal regulation of biotechnology, as a rapidly developing branch of science, concerns, first and foremost, activities related to the development, use and transfer of technologies for the use of living organisms. The main purpose of this study is to verificate the need to develop a mechanism that, according to the authors, will be able to implement the state biosafety policy based on the development of certain standards by international organizations and that will serve as a platform for the formation of international biomedical law, through integration principles of bioethics into biomedical relations. Object. The object of research is the norms of international law in the sphere of international legal regulation of the use of modern biotechnology through the lens of bioethics. Material and methods. The methodological basis of the research is comparative legal, dialectical, historical legal, comparative, and other research methods. Results. As a result of the analysis of scientific sources and approaches to solving this problem, evidence of the need for a comprehensive study of the existing scientific array to highlight bioethics has been obtained, and therefore biosafety, as an independent scientific direction in the context of modern legal biotechnology research and as part of the national security of the state. Scientific novelty. The scientific novelty of this study consists in conducting comprehensive comparative analysis of the process of formation of legal norms for the protection of human rights. These norms are contained in existing international agreements on the development of biotechnology, from the point of bioethics as a component of state biosafety. Thus, the practical sphere of implementation of the results of this study is a modern international lawmaking process that must adequately reflect the most important aspects of the application of modern biotechnology by the states of the international community. These important aspects must form the basis of the international biomedical law and the Code of Bioethics. Moreover, the authors make no claims a comprehensive analysis of the problem posed in their work, since many important aspects need further study.
Keywords: Biotechnology, Genetic Engineering, Biosafety, Human Rights, Global Problem, Legal Guarantees.
Scope of the Article: Bio-Science and Bio-Technology