Psychosomatic Correlations in Modern Medicine: An Innovative Related to Anxiety Level
Abakarova Emma Gadzhievna
Abakarova Emma Gadzhievna, Candidate of Psychological Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Philosophy and Humanities at the Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education Stavropol State Medical University, 65A Komsomolskaya Str., apt. 49, 36500 Stavropol, Russia.
Manuscript received on 12 August 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 17 August 2019. | Manuscript published on 30 September 2019. | PP: 4585-4590 | Volume-8 Issue-3 September 2019 | Retrieval Number: C6829098319/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.C6829.098319
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Background: Modern studies in the field of psychosomatic causes of diseases are directed towards the psychophysiological approach in the consideration of neurological, somatic and borderline mental disorders. These works affect interdisciplinary clinical and experimental studies of personal characteristics, emotional states, psychophysiological and neurochemical parameters in stress situations, as well as in somatic and mental diseases. In this framework, a comparative study of the psychosomatic correlations of patients of the surgical profile of the gynecology and neurosurgery departments of the State Budgetary Healthcare Institution Stavropol Regional Clinical Hospital was conducted for the first time. Objective: Research of the anxiety level of patients in the surgical profile of the gynecology and neurosurgery departments. Approbation of the author’s Bird projective methodology (Abakarova E.G., 2014), which allows determining the relationship between psychological conflict and the place of its bodily response. Methods: Spielberger-Khanin’s anxiety level self-esteem scale, “Health, Activity, Mood” questionnaire, Ya. Strelau’s temperament test questionnaire, Bird projective test (E.G. Abakarova). The data obtained were subjected to mathematical processing of the reliability of the results using Student’s t-test. Findings: The findings of a pilot study of psychosomatic correlations of patients of the surgical profile of the gynecology and neurosurgery departments allowed the authors to obtain sound and reliable conclusions and assessments in interpreting the levels of mental and dynamic processes. Studies on the Spielberger-Khanin’s anxiety level scale of revealed high indicators of situational and personal anxiety in both groups. The reaction of each individual person to a stressful situation (surgical intervention) arises from its individual and typological features and is not specific. The state of anxiety is characterized by subjective experiences and emotions: tension, anxiety, concern, nervousness. This condition occurs as an emotional reaction to a stressful situation and may be different in intensity and dynamism in terms of time. Analysis and interpretation of psychosomatic and ornithomorphic correlations among patients of gynecology and neurosurgery departments depends on the class of the disease (according to ICD-10), the characteristics of the course of the disease, the method of its formation (psychological trauma, physical trauma or other nosology) and formation, as well as individual typological personality characteristics. Conclusions: It was established that the level of personal and situational anxiety in patients with surgical profiles in both groups was significantly higher than in healthy individuals (r <0.05).
The psycho-emotional condition of the patients of the gynecological department does not correspond to the real physical state and assessment of their health, which may indicate deep psychological and possible psychosomatic causes. Projective techniques allow to identify the relationship of the primary psychological conflict with the place of its localization in the human body in strict dependence on individual differences, and not on the nature of the conflict itself. It has been established that the personal profile of patients of the gynecological department correlates with choleric psycho-type, the personal profile of patients of the neurosurgical department – with the sanguine one.
Keywords: Psychosomatics, Anxiety, Dynamic Properties of Nervous Processes, Temperament, Inhibition Level, Bird Projective Technique.
Scope of the Article: Innovative Sensing Cloud and Systems