Gumiton – New Organo-Mineral Complex to In-crease the Productivity of Agricultural Cultures
Mazurov V. N.1, Semeshkina P. S.2, Ratnikov A.N.3, Arysheva S.P.4, Sviridenko D.G.5
1Mazurov V. N., Kaluga Research Institute of Agriculture, Kaluga, Russia(249142, 2, Central Str., rural settlement Kaluzhskaya experimental agricultural station, Peremyshlsky district, Kaluga region.
2Semeshkina P. S., Kaluga Research Institute of Agriculture, Kaluga, Russia(249142, 2, Central Str., rural settlement Kaluzhskaya experimental agricultural station, Peremyshlsky district, Kaluga region.
3Ratnikov A.N., Russian research Institute of radiology and Agroecolo-gy,(249032, Kaluga region, Obninsk, Russia.
4Arysheva S.P., Russian research Institute of radiology and Agroecolo-gy,(249032, Kaluga region, Obninsk, Russia.
5Sviridenko D.G. Russian research Institute of radiology and Agroe-cology,(249032, Kaluga region, Obninsk, Russia.
Manuscript received on November 20, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on November 26, 2019. | Manuscript published on 30 November, 2019. | PP: 3374-3381 | Volume-8 Issue-4, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: C6606098319/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.C6606.118419
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Given the composition and properties of new or-gano-mineral complex based on peat GUMITON. The characte-ristics of peat required for the production GUMITON. Conducted production tests GUMITON in farms of different ownership forms, on different types of soils, crops and potatoes. It is shown that the use of GUMITON in the cultivation of grain crops in-creased the productivity of spring wheat – by 15-22%; winter wheat by 17-40%; barley – by 19.5-23%; triticale – by 13-14%. The protein content in grain of winter wheat in the processing GUMITON increased up to 2.1%; spring wheat – up to 2.1%, in triticale grain – up to 1.3% compared to untreated crops. Collec-tion of triticale protein (centner/ha) increased by 21-27%. The use of GUMITON is a highly effective method of increasing pota-to yield in agricultural technologies. The use of GUMITON al-lowes to increase the yield by 12-36% and to obtain an additional crop of potato tubers on floodplain soil up to 5.7 t/ha, on soddy-podzolic soil – up to 9.8 t/ha; and on gray forest soil – up to 10.0 t/ha, depending on the variety.
Keywords: Peat, GUMITON, Grain Crops, Potatoes, Grain, Productivity, Protein Content.
Scope of the Article: Agricultural Informatics and Communication.