Evaluation of Fatigue Potential for Crumb Rubber Modified Bitumen in Stone Mastic Asphalt Mixes
Anusha T M1, Sharath Kumar M D2, H S Jagadeesh3
1Anusha T M, Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Bhusanayana Mukundadas Sreenivasaiah College of Engineering, Bengaluru, (Karnataka), India.
2Sharath Kumar M D, Department of Civil Engineering, Bhusanayana Mukundadas Sreenivasaiah College of Engineering, Bengaluru, (Karnataka), India.
3Dr. H S Jagadeesh, Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Bhusanayana Mukundadas Sreenivasaiah College of Engineering, Bengaluru, (Karnataka) India.
Manuscript received on September 09, 2021. | Revised Manuscript received on September 16, 2021. | Manuscript published on September 30, 2021. | PP: 170-183 | Volume-10 Issue-3, September 2021. | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijrte.C64700910321 | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.C6470.0910321
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© The Authors. Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: SMA is a gap graded mix composed of a high concentration of coarse aggregate that is held together in a thick asphalt film by a matrix of mineral filler and stabilizers. Since natural aggregates have become expensive, hence Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement (RAP) can be reused in pavement construction to reduce the environmental hazardous due to disposal problems. Since the RAP contains used aggregates, it is highly prone to fatigue, thermal and reflective cracking effect. Rheological and chemical properties of aged bitumen in RAP can be enhanced by use of untreated waste oils such as waste engine oil as rejuvenators. This research presents a study on fatigue performance of SMA mix with Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement (RAP) materials with and without rejuvenators and results were compared with conventional SMA mix. The materials used were first characterized by common laboratory tests. Then the three SMA mixes are tested using several laboratory test procedures: Marshall Stability, indirect tensile strength, moisture susceptibility, and indirect tension fatigue test. The optimum proportions of the of the mixes with highest stability are selected from the Marshall stability test. The indirect tensile strength test results show that the SMA mix replaced with RAP without rejuvenators showed higher tensile strength ratio and resistance to moisture damage when compared to conventional mix and optimum RAP replacement mix with rejuvenators. The fatigue test was conducted for the three optimum mixes at different temperature and stresses. The fatigue test results showed that at lower temperature and stresses, the RAP replaced SMA without rejuvenator offered better fatigue resistance than those with rejuvenator and conventional SMA mix. At higher temperatures, the RAP replaced SMA mix with rejuvenator offered similar fatigue lifecycle as conventional mix. However, at high stresses, conventional SMA mix offered better fatigue lifecycle. Increase in failure stresses resulted in decrease of number of fatigue cycles and increased in initial tensile strain of the mix. Thus, with the use of RAP substantial decrease in cost can be achieved without compromising the fatigue characteristic of the SMA mix.
Keywords: Then the three SMA mixes are tested using several laboratory test procedures: Marshall Stability.