The Role of Electronic Voting Machine (EVM) In Strengthening Democracy in India
Jayanta Baruah, Associate Professor and Head Department of Political Science, T.H.B. College, Jamugurihat, Sonitpur, Assam.
Manuscript received on 12 August 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 17 August 2019. | Manuscript published on 30 September 2019. | PP: 6274-6279 | Volume-8 Issue-3 September 2019 | Retrieval Number: C5877098319/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.C5877.098319
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Democracy and Elections are inseparable and related to each other. Elections are the central institution of democratic governments through which people choose their representatives to represent them in the decision and policy formation process of the government. The democratic government derives its all powers from the consent of the governed. Through holding free and fair elections people’s consent has been translated into governmental authority in a democratic country. Democratic elections are periodic. As India is a democratic country, hence elections are held regularly to the parliament, state legislatures and to the institutions of urban and rural local bodies after every five years. Electronic Voting Machine (EVM) is one of the remarkable contributions of science and technology in our times which has been helping the countries, mostly democratic countries, in conducting elections in free and fair means. EVM has been used in India since long back. Use of EVM has made the electoral process in India simple, easier and free from electoral frauds and riggings. But questions have raised many a times on the tampering and acceptability of EVM. In our paper we will try to examine the usefulness of EVM in conducting free and fair elections in a big democracy like India and also the merits of this machine which has been helping strengthening Indian democracy in various ways.
Keywords: Democracy, Election, EVM, Voter, Result, Tempering.
Scope of the Article: Machine Learning