A Calculation and Compiling Models of Land Cover Quality Index 2019 uses the Geographic Information System in Pariaman City, West Sumatra Province, Indonesia
AOlivia Oktorie1, Dedi Hermon2, Erianjoni3, Azhari Syarief4, Aprizon Putra5
1Olivia Oktorie, M.Ed degree from Padang State University, Indonesia.
2Dedi Hermon, Department of Geography and Postgraduate, Padang State University.
3Erianjoni (Padang State University, Indonesia) Postgraduate, Padang State University.
4Azhari Syarief (Padang State University, Indonesia), Postgraduate, Padang State University.
5Aprizon Putra, M.Sc degree from Andalas University, Indonesia.
Manuscript received on 09 August 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 15 August 2019. | Manuscript published on 30 September 2019. | PP: 6406-6411 | Volume-8 Issue-3 September 2019 | Retrieval Number: C5616098319/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.C5616.098319
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The purpose of calculation and compiling the Land Cover Quality Index (LCQI) is to evaluate the value of natural and environmental resources based on land cover conditions in an administrative region such as city, regency and province in Indonesia referring to the Regulation Director General of Pollution Control and Environmental Damage Number P.1/PPKL/PKLA.4/2018. The analytical method used in the calculation of the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), the Maximum likelihood classification approach, and the preparation of LCQI calculation methods based on 1) sufficiency area (forest region) and forest cover at minimal 30% on rivers and islands; 2) Ability and suitability of land minimal 25%; and 3) a link with the direction of land use in urban areas of at minimal 30%. The results showed the vegetation density index value in Pariaman city was classified as a good category with a value of 0.474903 μm, the results of a land cover classification in Pariaman City with the largest region are found in mixed gardens land of 2,736.57 ha or 37%. Whereas the smallest region is found in cypress vegetation land as a greenbelt at the coastal border 12.06 ha or 0,16%. and the results of the LCQI calculation indicate the LCQI value in 2019 (24,06) which is in the alert classification (<50). The increase in land cover outside the forest region is mainly directed at increasing green open space because Pariaman City does not have natural forest which are vulnerable to changes in land cover because of its high population density.
Index Terms: Land Cover, LCQI, Pariaman City.
Scope of the Article: Community Information Systems