Preliminary Assessment on the Effect of Bentonite and Ibeshe Clay on Bleaching of Rubber (Hevea Brasiliensis) Seed Oil
Oyinlola R. Obanla1, Joseph D. Udonne2, Olayinka O. Ajani3, Augustine O. Ayeni4, Farouk U. Mohammed5
1Oyinlola R. Obanla, Department of Chemical Engineering, Covenant University, Ogun State, Nigeria.
2Joseph D. Udonne, Department of Chemical and Polymer Engineering, Lagos State University, Nigeria.
3Olayinka O. Ajani: Department of Chemical and Polymer Engineering, Lagos State University, Nigeria.
4Augustine O. Ayeni : Department of Chemical and Polymer Engineering, Lagos State University, Nigeria.
5Farouk U. Mohammed, Department of Chemical and Polymer Engineering, Rubber Research Institute of Nigeria, Benin City, Nigeria.
Manuscript received on November 17., 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on November 24 2019. | Manuscript published on 30 November, 2019. | PP: 12274-12278 | Volume-8 Issue-4, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: C5389098319/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.C5389.118419
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Rubber seed though not common known is very rich in its oil yield and over time its importance is becoming more prominent. Bleaching in the natural sense is relative to the removal of impurities from the oil or material. In this research work, Rubber seed oil was bleached using bentonite clay and Ibe she clay at 0.5M, 1M and 2M concentrations of Hydrochloric acid. Physiochemical properties as well as spectroscopic analysis such as FT-IR and XRD analysis were carried out and aided in obtaining the bleaching efficiency of both clays. The FT-IR results displayed a visible change in the oil after it was bleached with Ibeshe clay but still retained most its functional group when bleached with bentonite clay. At 2M concentration of the acid, the oil bleached with bentonite showed 53% while with Ibeshe clay it remained at 16%. This summarizes that Ibeshe clay has little to no effect on bleaching performance.
Keywords: Rubber Seed Oil, Bleaching, Bentonite Clay, Ibeshe Clay, Hydrochloric Acid, Spectroscopic Analysis.
Scope of the Article: Hydraulic Engineering.