Maximizing Network Lifetime using Fuzzy Based Secure Data Aggregation Protocol (FSDAP) in a Wireless Sensor Networks
Reshma S1, Shaila K2, Venugopal K R3
1Reshma S*, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Visvesvaraiah Technological University-Research Resource Center, Belagavi, Karnataka, India.
2Shaila K, Professor and HOD, Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Vivekananda Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
3Venugopal K R, Vice Chancellor, Bengaluru University, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Manuscript received on November 12, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on November 25, 2019. | Manuscript published on 30 November, 2019. | PP: 5989-6001 | Volume-8 Issue-4, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: C4559098319/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.C4559.118419

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Abstract: TAbstract: Secure Data Aggregation in Wireless Senor Networks (WSNs) is a challenging issue. The various protocols has been suggested in the recent past such as EDIT[13], ADA[8], TSDA[9], SEDAN[10]. These protocols effectively meet the constraints of WSNs. In this paper, we have proposed a Fuzzy Based Secure Data Aggregation protocol (FSDAP) which is an efficient localized protocol. The FSDAP protocol is designed with three phases. The first phase selects Aggregator Node using ANS algorithm. An ANS algorithm involves two steps to elect an Aggregator Node in the clustered network. In first step, the cluster head is selected based on the Euclidean distance and in second step, the cluster head is selected based on the fuzzy product and fuzzy value (α). Then, in second phase, a selected AN eliminates data redundancy sensed by all sensor nodes within the cluster. Finally, in third phase, the FSDAP protocol effectively detects malicious node and provides secure data transmission path. Thus, the proposed protocol, FSDAP utilizes the node’s resource parameter uniformly, which in turn improves Network Lifetime, maximizes Throughput Rate, maximizes Packet Delivery Ratio and minimizes End-to-End Delay. The FSDAP is simulated using the NS2 simulator and compared with centroid algorithms Fuzzy C-Means and K-Means algorithm and a secure aggregation protocol implemented using SAR (Secure Aware Ad hoc Routing). The time complexity of FSDAP protocol is O(m2n).
Keywords: Data Aggregation, Data Transmission, Fuzzy, Malicious Node, Localized, Network Lifetime, Wireless Sensor Networks.
Scope of the Article: Energy Harvesting and Transfer for Wireless Sensor Networks.