Heptagonal Shaped UWB Antenna with DGS for Wireless LTE with Enhanced Bandwidth
Deepthi Chamkur V1, C R Byrareddy2

1Deepthi Chamkur V*, Research scholar, VTU, Dept. of E and C Engineering Bangalore Institute of Technology Research Centre, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
2Dr C R Byrareddy, Professor, Department of E and C Engineering Bangalore Institute of Technology Bengaluru, Karnataka, India. 

Manuscript received on August 01, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on August 05, 2020. | Manuscript published on September 30, 2020. | PP: 671-677 | Volume-9 Issue-3, September 2020. | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijrte.C4491099320 | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.C4491.099320
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Abstract: The paper discusses about the implementation of Heptagonal shaped compact ultra-wideband planar Microstrip patch antenna with and without defected ground plane structure (DGS) with analysis of various parameters like return loss, VSWR bandwidth etc. A substrate made up of dielectric constant FR4 epoxy is utilized and the 2D and 3D radiation pattern are also discussed. DGS has helped to fine tune and increase the bandwidth & its effects have been studied. A volume of 28x32x1.7 (1523.2 mm^3) is occupied by the size of antenna with dielectric constant of εr = 4.4, tanδ= 0.02. In order to provide fine tuning in the return loss graph, a 50Ω line with width of W=3mm direct line feeding method has been used for the micro-strip line and slots have been introduced in the ground plane structure, for achieving the good bandwidth coupling between the slots plays an important role. The antenna parameters including VSWR, Gain and return losses v/s frequency effects for the antenna with variation of slots and dimensions has been studied in this paper along with the analysis of important parameters such as return loss (dB), bandwidth, VSWR (Voltage Standing Wave Ratio) of patch antenna which has been performed using Ansoft HFSS v15 tool. The proposed design of the heptagonal shaped antenna operates as an ultra-wide band antenna ranging from 3.20 GHz to 10 GHz and beyond covering most of applications from LTE, Wimax (3.5/5.55GHz), Radio altimeter, RFID and ISM WLAN 5.2/5.8GHz etc. 
Keywords: Microstrip Patch, heptagonal, defected ground structure, VSWR, 2D and 3D patterns, HFSS, Wireless.