Health and Housing for Urban Poor in India Post Covid-19

Aditi*, Master of Urban Planning, Department of Architecture, Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, India. 

Manuscript received on August 01, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on August 05, 2020. | Manuscript published on September 30, 2020. | PP: 208-216 | Volume-9 Issue-3, September 2020. | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijrte.C4350099320 | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.C4350.099320
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Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has built a troublesome new standard for everybody through shelter-in-place systems and physical and social distancing guidelines. Yet for billions of urban underprivileged, certain guidelines aren’t merely troublesome; they’re radically impracticable. Social and physical distancing is a severely significant acknowledgement to the pandemic COVID-19 however, it additionally implies that occupants must have sufficient space, services and social security nets to sustain such an order. It is candidly not the fact over cities in Asia, Latin America and Africa. Health facilities and services are deficient in terms of the transition from state to local level causing negligence of slum areas at global to micro-level. These dwellers of slums area accustomed to unhygienic and un-sanitized environment much on a regular basis. Majority of slums are vastly located near urban centers i.e. in and around in economically less developed countries, experiencing urbanization at a greater rate compared to more developed countries. Many countries often lack the ability to provide infrastructure like roads, affordable housing, basic services like water, sanitation etc., sufficiently for in-fluxing people in the cities due to urbanization creating a big concern for the country. Health policies need to consider equity and social justice for urban poor in order to equally uplift them in the society. The paper deals with the issues faced by the urban poor in India and the programs and policies that had been issued over time during the past which could not suffice to positively impact the downfalls of these people. The paper also highlights the health conditions of these urban poor and the areas where it has been lacking behind. The pandemic has caused the nation to come to a halt but the urban poor having no such privilege to comply with the situation are forced to thrive in degrading conditions. The research paper will help figure out trigger areas for downfall of these inhabitants of the nation and formulate strategies to counteract the same in post COVID-19 situation. 
Keywords: Health conditions, Housing, Slums, Urban and rural India urbanization, urban poor