Validation of Crop Coefficients and Water Requirement of Maize Crop in the Temperate Climatic Region of India
Owais Ahmad Bhat1, Mohd Akbar Lone2, Rohitashw Kumar3
1Owais Ahmad Bhat, Research Scholar, Department of Civil Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Srinagar, J&K, India.
2Mohd Akbar Lone, Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Srinagar, J&K, India. Rohitashw Kumar, Professor, College of Agricultural Engineering, SKUAST Kashmir, Srinagar, J&K, India.
Manuscript received on January 05, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on January 25, 2020. | Manuscript published on January 30, 2020. | PP: 5132-5138 | Volume-8 Issue-5, January 2020. | Retrieval Number: C3933098319/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.C3933.018520
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The field study was conducted on Lysimeter by employing the soil water balance method to compute the water requirement and Crop coefficient of Maize in the temperate climatic zone of India. Non-weighing type lysimeters (drainage type) of 2 × 1.5 × 2 m was installed to compute the irrigation requirement, actual crop evapotranspiration (ETc) and actual crop coefficient of maize by water balance method. The water requirement of maize was found 410.4 mm using lysimeter data. The mean daily reference evapotranspiration (ETo) of maize ranged from 0.91 mm/day in the starting growth period to 5.29 mm/day at midseason. The peak ETo of Maize was found 6.3mm/day. The computed crop coefficient (Kc) values of Maize for diffrent crop growth stages were 0.53 for intial, 0.93 for development , 1.05 for mid-season, and 0.78 for late season .A Correlation was also established between Penman-Monteith (P-M) and four other reference Evapotranspiration methods.
Keywords: Leaf Area Index, Lysimeters, Reference Evapotranspiration, Water Requirement.
Scope of the Article: Requirements Engineering.