Community Participation (Analysis on Implementation of Policies on Village Development Guidelines Based on Permendagri No. 114 of 2014 in Simojayan Village, Ampelgading District, Malang Regency)
Sri Hartini Jatmikowati1, Abdullah2, Theodorus Pangalila3

1Sri Hartini Jatmikowati, Political and Social Science Faculty of Merdeka Malang University, Malang, Indonesia.
2Abdullah, Political and Social Science Faculty of Merdeka Malang University, Malang, Indonesia.
3Theodorus Pangalila, Social Science Faculty of Manado State University, Indonesia.
Manuscript received on 23 November 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 04 December 2019 | Manuscript Published on 10 December 2019 | PP: 520-526 | Volume-8 Issue-3S2 October 2019 | Retrieval Number: C11181083S219/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.C1118.1083S219
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Abstract: The background in this study is that the Village Head has a role in the administration of governance, development and community issues with all of his authority and obligations. In its development, it was felt not enough because the community did not feel involved and did not know anything about the activities to be carried out. Development a sense of belonging from the community towards development projects, an approach is needed that encourages people to participate. This approach can streamline project implementation costs because of community participation. The purpose of this study was to describe and analyse the role of village heads in increasing community participation in Simojayan village, Ampelgading district, Malang district and supporting factors, inhibiting the role of village heads in increasing community participation. This study uses a qualitative approach with a specific level of exploration. The results of this study are the lack of maximum community participation in every stage of development, especially in the implementation phase of village development. The Village Head has given his participation by carrying out the tasks by his duties and carrying out the work plan of the village administration based on the needs of the community and the fulfilment of infrastructure facilities in the village. The driving and inhibiting factors are contradictions between policymakers and policy implementers, information capture, limited human resources and competence in carrying out activities. Researcher’s suggestion is to build and develop active communication channels and make procedures through clear statements about requirements, objectives, eliminate the choice of multi-information, implement procedures carefully and mechanism for detailed reporting. Maximum language and communication need to be maximised to minimise communication gaps given the limited human resources and competencies.
Keywords: Policy, Role, Village Head, Participation, Society.
Scope of the Article: Social Sciences