Factors Determining First Birth Age at East Jawa Province
Achmad Sjafii1, Doris Padmini Selvaratnam2, Nadya Anita Rahmi3, Imroatul Mubarokah4

1Achmad Sjafii, Doctorate Candidate, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.
2Doris Padmini Selvaratnam, Associate Professor, Department of Doctorate Sociology Economics and Management, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.
3Nadya Anita Rahmi, Associate Professor, Department of Doctorate Sociology Economics and Management, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.
4Imroatul Mubarokah, Graduate, Department of Economics and Business, Airlangga University, Indonesia.
Manuscript received on 25 November 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 06 December 2019 | Manuscript Published on 16 December 2019 | PP: 274-279 | Volume-8 Issue-3S3 November 2019 | Retrieval Number: C10651183S319/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.C1065.1183S319
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: Findings of the Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey (IDHS), 2017 demonstrate that the women’s age of first birth in East Jawa is at the 8th highest after Provinsi D.I. Yogyakarta, Kepulauan Riau, Banten, Aceh, Sumatera Utara, Nusa Tenggara Timur and Jawa Tengah. This is attributed to pre-marital sex, early marriage and teenage marriages. Teenage pregnancy poses medical risks compared to adult pregnancy. Income and ability to provide medical care for baby has influenced fertility rate. The higher the income, the lower the fertility rate. Education and fertility rate is also negative, whereby the higher the education level of a woman, the age of first birth increases. This study looks at the demographic and socio-economic factors that influence age of first birth. The cohort age of the women studied are 15-24 years and residing at East Jawa. Quantitative and cross-sectional data analysis method is used to analyse the Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey of 2017. Statistics tests were run to produce frequencies, descriptive and inferential analysis. Findings show that first birth age is at 19.36 years, divorced, have 2-3 children and age of first sex is 14 years, primary educated, unemployed, poor, living in rural area and never migrated. Policy implication of this study are (a) acceleration and spread of information on “Reproductive Health” for adolescents, especially in the targeted areas of “Family Planning Kampong” in rural areas, (b) improve friendly service to invite young married women to use contraceptive devices, (c) increase and disseminate information through new entrepreneurial groups to adolescents in poor region.
Keywords: First Birth Age, SDKI 2017, Demography, Socio-Economics.
Scope of the Article: Social Sciences