Characterization of Exopolysaccharides Produced by Marine Bacillus Megaterium
P. Ramya1, D Sangeetha2
1P. Ramya, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Annamalai University, Annamalainagar (Tamil Nadu), India.
2D Sangeetha, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Annamalai University, Annamalainagar (Tamil Nadu), India.
Manuscript received on 19 November 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 04 December 2019 | Manuscript Published on 10 December 2019 | PP: 287-290 | Volume-8 Issue-3S2 October 2019 | Retrieval Number: C10551083S219/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.C1055.1083S219
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Exopolysaccharides (EPSs) are polymers with large molecular weight that consist of various residues of sugar. These are desired because the substitution of synthetic polymers is degradable and non-toxic. Most microorganisms have the ability to synthesize and excrete exo polysaccharides with new chemical compositions, characteristics and structures in order to have important applications in various areas. The current study based on marine bacterial isolates screening the production of exo polysaccharide. Among the four exopolysaccharide producing isolates, the isolate PMSS12 had the highest production of exo polysaccharides. The efficient marine bacterial isolate PMSS12 was further identified by sequence of 16S rRNA. The PMSS12 isolate was confirmed as Bacillus megaterium. Then the exopolysaccharide produced by Bacillus megaterium was characterized by using FTIR, NMR and SEM.
Keywords: Exopolysaccharides, 16S rRNA, Bacillus Megaterium.
Scope of the Article: Characterization and Measurements