Strength of Concrete using Clay as a Partial Replacement of Binder Content with and Without Lime
Sachin B. Kandekar1, Swati K. Wakchaure2

1S. B. Kandekar*, Department of Civil Engineering, Amrutvahini College of Engineering, Amrutnagar (422608) Sangamner, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, India. 
2S. K. Wakchaure, Department of Civil Engineering, Amrutvahini College of Engineering, Amrutnagar (422608) Sangamner, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, India.
Manuscript received on July 16, 2021. | Revised Manuscript received on August 20, 2021. | Manuscript published on September 30, 2021. | PP: 1-6 | Volume-10, Issue-3, September 2021. | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijrte.B62750710221 DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.B6275.0910321
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© The Authors. Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: Materials are the most important component of building construction. The demands of construction material are increasing day by day significantly. This demand is increasing the material prices and scarcity of material in construction industry. To achieve economical and eco-friendly criteria naturally occurring material is selected. Clay is a natural material and it can be available easily. This paper interprets the experimental investigation on strength of concrete using clay as a partial replacement to binder content (cement) in concrete. The replacement percentages are grouped as 0%, 10%, 20%, 30%, 40% of clay and 5% of hydrated lime with cement in each series in M25 grade of concrete. To achieve the pozzolanic property of clay hydrated lime was added. Different tests are performed to determine the optimum percentage of clay as a replacement for binder content (cement) in concrete. The Compressive strength test, split tensile strength test and flexural strength test were performed on the specimens. Total 90 cubes of size 150 mm were prepared for compressive strength test, 30 cylinders of 150 mm diameter and 300 mm height were prepared for split tensile strength test and 30 beams of size 150 mm x 150 mm x 1000 mm were prepared to carry out the flexural strength test. The results are compared to find the ideal proportion of clay as a replacement for cement. It is found that 10% replacement with 5% hydrated lime gives satisfactory results.
Keywords: Clay, Concrete, Hydrated lime, Partial replacement, Pozzolanic property, Replacement percentage.