Soil Interaction of Building Frame Resting on Clayey Soil: Effect of Change of Footing Size
Anantha Kavya Supriya1, Ravi Kumar Reddy C2 

1Anantha. Kavya Supriya, PG scholar, Civil Engg, KHIT, Guntur, A.P, India.
2Ravi Kumar Reddy C, Professor, Civil Engg. KHIT, Guntur, A.P, India.

Manuscript received on 17 March 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 22 March 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 July 2019 | PP: 4874-4879 | Volume-8 Issue-2, July 2019 | Retrieval Number: B3618078219/19©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.B3618.078219
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Abstract: In every structure, the super structure and the foundation executed on soil, represent an entire structural system. The analysis of a framed structure while not modeling its foundation system and its rigidity could mislead the axial forces, moments due to bending and due to settlement. It is, thus necessary to hold out the analysis considering the type of soil, foundation and above the sub structure i.e. (super structure). Hence the analysis of the single bay single storied building frame resting on soil (Clayey Soil) is taken for present study. The analysis is carried out using “ANSYS 16.0”. In this paper the effect of soil interaction on building frame design parameters as change of modulus of sub-grade reaction from 0.010 to 0.050 N/mm3.Shear force, Bending moment and settlements have been studied for different footing sizes of 1mx1m to 4.5mx4.5m the effect of SSI is quantified using finite element analysis. The following conclusions have been drawn from the study, the shear force and axial force value in the beam and column is constant from finite element analysis are not having considerable difference. The analysis is predicting that percentage difference in bending moment in beam, column and footings are at lower EFS value i.e 0.010N/mm3 at lower footing size 1mX1m is greater than when compared to higher EFS value i.e 0.050N/mm3 at higher footing size 4.5mX4.5m which considers soil interaction. But in case of the footings they undergo some settlement the percentage difference of settlement is 14.41% and 6.72% at lower EFS value i.e 0.010N/mm3 at lower footing size 1mx1m when compared to higher EFS value i.e 0.050N/mm3 at higher footing size 4.5mx4.5m respectively, which considers soil interaction.
Index Terms: Clayey Soil, Soil Interaction, Footing Sizes, Effective Foundation Stiffness (EFS).

Scope of the Article: Soil-Structure Interaction