Agglomeration Effects in Spatial Development of Russia’s Regions
E. F. Nikitskaya1, V. A. Rusanovskiy2, M. A. Valishvili3, A. A. Gretchenko4, O. G. Demenko5
1E.F. Nikitskaya, Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Russia.
2V.A. Rusanovskiy, Saratov Socioeconomic Institute of Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Russia.
3M.A. Valishvili, Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Russia.
4A.A. Gretchenko, Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Russia.
5O.G. Demenko, Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Russia.
Manuscript received on 21 March 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 25 March 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 July 2019 | PP: 4851-4859 | Volume-8 Issue-2, July 2019 | Retrieval Number: B3535078219/19©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.B3535.078219
Open Access | Ethics and Policies | Cite | Mendeley | Indexing and Abstracting
© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The article addresses the issue of the twofold role of territorial agglomeration entities in the spatial development of Russian regions. The authors look at the possibilities of both stimulating and dissimulating effects of expansion of urban agglomerations on the socioeconomic status and innovation development of Russia’s regions, which cause the economic growth on the national level to speed up or slow down. On the one hand, urban agglomerations become “growth poles” that help spread business activity from the centre to the periphery and stimulate the diffusion of innovations. On the other hand, agglomeration trends in spatial development create centripetal economic effects that lead to greater inter- and intraregional socioeconomic disparity. The authors pay special attention to the forming of urban agglomerations as a socioeconomic phenomenon that preconditions economic disparity between territories. This becomes a problem from the viewpoint of state management, as Russia’s federative model of government grants priority to regulative influence in the economic space of regions. As a result, the socioeconomic development gap grows quite large, making national economic and innovation policies less effective in general. Based on the conducted studies, the authors demonstrate that it is necessary to transfer to a balanced combination of interregional cooperation aimed at eradication of regional disparity.
Index Terms: Agglomeration, Growth Poles, Innovation Diffusion, Interregional Disparity, Regional Policies, Spatial Economics, Urbanization.
Scope of the Article: Social Sciences