Mapping of Resources and Potential Development for Food-Secure Region in East Seram, Maluku Province, Indonesia
Ambar Pertiwiningrum1, Agung Setianto2, Supriadi3, Margaretha Arnita Wuri4, Teguh Ari Prabowo5 

1Ambar Pertiwiningrum, Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
2Agung Setianto, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
3Supriadi, Ministry of Village, Development of Disadvantaged Regions, and Transmigration, Indonesia.
4Margaretha Arnita Wuri, Center for Development of Sustainable Regions, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.
5Teguh Ari Prabowo, Faculty of Animal Science, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Indonesia.

Manuscript received on 13 March 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 19 March 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 July 2019 | PP: 4143-4147 | Volume-8 Issue-2, July 2019 | Retrieval Number: B3156078219/19©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.B3156.078219
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Abstract: In this study, we developed agro sector mapping of current condition, problems, threats, potentials, and strategic policies in rural area in East Seram, Maluku Province especially in Bula District. The aims of the agro mapping was to make food security planning in East Seram. The mapping process was conducted through literature study, observations, and data collecting through focus group discussion. The data were analyzed with descriptive analysis. We also collected the data based on 9 indicators of food security before and after 5 years of intervention in livestock program and capacity building. The data were calculated for their indicators and composite values, then analyzed to define food security improvement. Based on the data, livestock were still raised traditionally on pastures. To enhance food-security, the resilience should be built through: (1) the improvement of land productivity, including infrastructure, facilities for intensive livestock systems, and optimization of dry land’s potential; (2) water management; and (3) capacity building for communities. After the intervention, the food security level of Bula District change from priority 2 (severely vulnerable) to priority 4 (moderately vulnerable). It means building human centered community based and local resources management become important in food security strategic in rural area especially in East Seram, Maluku, Indonesia.
Index Terms: Agro, Food Security, Livestock, Mapping.

Scope of the Article: Mobile App Design and Development