Transformation of Public Relations in The Conditions of Technological Revolutions: Technology and Innovation
Dmitry Kuteynikov1, Osman Izhaev2, Valerian Lebedev3, Sergey Zenin4
1Dmitry Kuteynikov, Department of Constitutional and Municipal Law, Kutafin Moscow State Law University, Moscow, Russian Federation.
2Osman Izhaev, Legal Department of the Moscow City Election Commission, Oscow, Russian Federation.
3Valerian Lebedev, Department of Constitutional and Municipal Law, Kutafin Moscow State Law University, Moscow, Russian Federation.
4Sergey Zenin, Department of Constitutional and Municipal Law, Kutafin Moscow State Law University, Moscow, Russian Federation; Department of Theory of State and Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law of South-Ural State University (National Research University), Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation.
Manuscript received on 10 March 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 16 March 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 July 2019 | PP: 3964-3971 | Volume-8 Issue-2, July 2019 | Retrieval Number: B2880078219/19©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.B2880.078219
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The impact of technologies, fundamental to industrial revolutions, on the development of legal approaches to the regulation of social relations changing during their widespread use, is considered in this article. It is shown that the well-known technological revolutions did not pass without leaving a trace and led to fundamental changes in public life. The economic and social factors that influenced the regulation of social relations are analyzed; the legal consequences of three technological revolutions are revealed. Theoretical and legal aspects of the formation of individual branches of legislation are studied. The thesis that the interaction between a person and the technologies (technical means) of the three industrial revolutions was limited to the unilateral mechanical use of these means according to the needs of society is proposed and substantiated. The current state of technological development suggests that the world has entered a new era. The impact on the social relations of artificial intelligence, robots, the Internet of things, advanced materials, additive production and multidimensional printing, bio- and neurotechnologies, virtual and augmented reality will only increase. These technologies will lead to new, different from all that was before, ways of human interaction with technical means. Three prospective ways of human interaction with the technologies of the fourth industrial revolution have been analyzed by the authors: coexistence (a technical tool is able to fully communicate with a person), relationships (a technical tool plays the role of an assistant in certain areas) and mergers (digital and mechanical elements are fully integrated into a biological subject). Some of the risks to society, possible with these methods of interaction, are described. The need to develop regulatory frameworks able to create conditions for the successful introduction of advanced technologies and minimize their negative consequences is justified.
Index Terms: Artificial Intelligence, Cyber-Physical Systems, Fourth Technological Revolution, Legal Regulation, Robots.
Scope of the Article: Aggregation, Integration, and Transformation