Water Resource Issue and Solution in Helmand – Afghanistan
Hafizullah Shafaq1, Milind R. Gidde2
1Mr. Hafizullah Shafaq Post Graduate Student, Civil Engineering (Hydraulics). Bharati Vidyapeeth (Deemed to be) University College of Engineering, Pune.
2Prof. Milind R. Gidde M. E., Ph. D., Professor Department of Civil Engineering, Bharati Vidyapeeth (Deemed to be) University College of Engineering, Pune.
Manuscript received on 20 March 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 27 March 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 July 2019 | PP: 4338-4341 | Volume-8 Issue-2, July 2019 | Retrieval Number: B2675078219/19©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.B2675.078219
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Water is flattering more and more scares and precious resources as population and utilization hike. Elevation of those elements as well as technology and action to support fine water supplies is obligatory to get control of the condition. Agriculture usage of water consumption is almost 70 % of the water used throughout the world and more than half of this water is used for irrigation purpose.For solving the problem of water scarcity in agriculture, it is important to expand water saving irrigation which has become the need of the time. Currently there are varying types of water saving methods include drip irrigation, sprinkler irrigation. Between these irrigation system drip irrigation system is the most successful way in arid and semi-arid areas and its make use of rate can get up to 90 %. Drip irrigation also known as trickle irrigation is a method which minimizes the use of water and filterers by admitting water to drip at a slow and steady pace to the plant root, rather onto the soil surface or openly onto the root zone, a network process of pipes, valves, emitters and tubing.Water is one of the most precocious assets that we have . The level to which water is abundant or hard to get, polluted or clean, advantageous or devastating, deeply effect the size and standard of human life. The relentless elevation in population and the resulting spurt in the request for water and the need to be cautious in organizing and the management of the restricted water resources.
Key words: Drip Irrigation System, Water Saving Irrigation, Chah-i-Anjir, Helmand River
Scope of the Article: Petroleum and Mineral Resources Engineering