Optimization of Bobbin Friction Stir Welded 1100 Aluminum Alloys Using Response Surface Methodology
Siti Noor Najihah Mohd Nasir1, Mohammad Kamil Sued2, Muhammad Zaimi Zainal Abidin3
1Siti Noor Najihah Mohd Nasir, Fakulti Kejuruteraan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia.
2Mohammad Kamil Sued, Fakulti Kejuruteraan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka,
3Muhammad Zaimi Zainal Abidin, Fakulti Kejuruteraan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka,
Manuscript received on 01 March 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 07 March 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 July 2019 | PP: 5366-5371 | Volume-8 Issue-2, July 2019 | Retrieval Number: B2660078219/19©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.B2660.078219
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: This paper presents the modelling of the mechanical properties of the bobbin friction stir welded of 6 mm thick AA1100 with control factors of spindle and welding speeds. Face-centered composite design (FCCD) was used to design the experimental work and the results of the responses, and the combination of factors were analyzing through analysis of variance (ANOVA). From ANOVA, the result indicates that both spindle and welding speed influence significantly the tensile strength and average hardness at SZ of AA1100. The optimum factors for maximum tensile strength and average hardness of the AA1100 were 950 rpm and welding speed of 130 mm/min. Both models giving a relative small percentage error of 0.8 % and 1.64 % for tensile strength model and average hardness in stir zone (SZ) region, respectively, thus indicate the models were adequate.
Keywords: Bobbin Friction Stir Welding, Parameter, Response Surface Methodology (RSM), Optimization
Scope of the Article: Discrete Optimization