Virgin Kraft Pulp and Paper Characteristics of Vitex Pubescens Vahl. (Halban) Wood
Shaiful Rizal Masrol1, Nornatasha Shariffudin2, Sharmiza Adnan3, Mohd Halim Irwan Ibrahim4, Mokhtar A Hamid5
1Shaiful Rizal Masrol, Advanced Technology Centre, Faculty of Engineering Technology, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM), 84600 Panchor, Johor, Malaysia.
2Nornatasha Shariffudin, Faculty of Engineering Technology, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM), 84600 Panchor, Johor, Malaysia.
3Sharmiza Adnan, Pulp and Paper Laboratory, Biomass Technology Programme, Forest Product Division, Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), 52109, Kepong, Selangor, Malaysia.
4Mohd Halim Irwan Ibrahim, Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM), 86400, Parit Raja, Batu Pahat, Johor Malaysia.
5Mokhtar A Hamid, Advanced Manufacturing and Material Centre (AMMC) Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM), 86400, Parit Raja, Batu Pahat, Johor Malaysia.
Manuscript received on January 02, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on January 15, 2020. | Manuscript published on January 30, 2020. | PP: 1551-1556 | Volume-8 Issue-5, January 2020. | Retrieval Number: B2652078219/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.B2652.018520
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Insufficient wood-based materials due to environmental sustainability have further enhanced the search for alternatives in the paper industry. Thus, wood sample from Vitex Pubescens Vahl (Halban) was evaluated based on the pulp characteristics; and paper physical, mechanical and optical properties as alternative raw material for papermaking. The wood chips were chemically Kraft cooked. Laboratory hand sheet with 120 gsm of grammage was produced without beating and bleached treatment. Overall procedures and tests were conducted according to the Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry (TAPPI) and the Malaysian International Organization for Standardization (MS-ISO). The result shows that Halban virgin Kraft pulp recorded a value of screened yield percentage (38.6%), Kappa number (22.1), drainage time (6.44s), and Canadian Standard Freeness (555ml). Halban paper sheet has apparent density of 0.302g/cm3. In an optical analysis, brightness (19.81%) and opacity (99.5%) had been measured. Mechanical characteristic possess considerable tensile index (29.33Nm/g), tear index (6.028 mN.m2/g), burst index (1.04 kPa.m2/g), but low folding no (3). In conclusion, Halban wood could be considered as alternative wood-based material for papermaking based on its promising characteristics’ and also compatible with other wood-based material proposed by the previous study. However, more in-depth evaluation should be considered to improve the qualities of the pulp and paper made from Halban wood.
Keywords: Kraft; Pulping; Paper; Wood.
Scope of the Article: Network Traffic Characterization and Measurements.