Atmospheric Pollutant Analysis and Corrosion Simulation over LPG Transporting Pipelines in Sriperumpudur – Vadakal Industrial Site
M. Jayandran1, A T. Ravichandran2, P. Lakshmanan3
1Jayandran.M PG Research Scholar B. Tech (Chem)., Dip NVQ LV, CMIOSH, SIIRSM, RSP Vel Tech R & D Institute of Science & Technology.
2Dr. Ravichandran A.T. Professor & Dean B.E (Mech)., M.E (Manu Engg), Ph. D (Prod. Engg) Vel Tech R & D Institute of Science & Technology.
3Dr. LAKSHMANAN. P Assistant Professor B.E (Mech)., M.E (Eng. Desi)., Ph. D(Mech) Vel Tech R & D Institute of Science & Technology.
Manuscript received on 01 March 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 07 March 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 July 2019 | PP: 779-782 | Volume-8 Issue-2, July 2019 | Retrieval Number: B2410078219/19©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.B2410.078219
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: An Organization has to abide national safety legislation procedures so as to maintain business moral and workers safety. To ensure this, management has to do the following active monitoring steps like Hazard Identification, detailed Risk Assessment, drafting Safe Work procedure, Supervision and Training to Workers. While doing Risk Assessment the likelihood for the hazard to occur and the intensity of damage it would create should be properly calculated. Along with that, the effectiveness of existing control measure and the recommendations for advanced control measures also to be suggested. In general, incidents are happening mainly due to defect in Safety management, technical Job factor or individual factors. The accidents are happening mainly due to unsafe act or unsafe condition. Unsafe act includes Individual negligent behavior like, not wearing personal protective equipment, not carrying out the task as per the instruction, not carrying out the inspection or preventive maintenance as per the procedure etc., . Unsafe conditions include defective equipment in the work place, improper Housekeeping in the work site etc. In Petrochemical plants, as volatile Hydrocarbon exist in the process area, the chances for fire oriented emergencies are unavoidable if unsafe act or unsafe condition not identified and controlled appropriately. In a crude oil refinery or downstream petrochemical units, mostly flammable substances like Petrol, Diesel, Superior Kerosene, Aviation Turbine Fuels and Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) would be the refined products. These products processed in distillation columns, stored in tanks, bullets and transported through pipelines. As this process equipment’s and distribution networks especially Pipeline grids are exposed to atmosphere the natural phenomenon called Atmospheric Corrosion is unavoidable. Atmospheric Corrosion may happen if the atmospheric pollutants interact with humidified air an electrochemical reaction leads to Corrosion. This electrochemical reaction would affect the Pipeline structures very badly results in puncture on pipeline surface leads to flammable substance leakage. To control this corrosion, along with proactive engineering control measure, ambient air quality analysis, corrosion simulation and corrosion monitoring should be done.
Index Terms: Electrochemical, LPG, Unsafe act, Unsafe Condition.
Scope of the Article: Predictive Analysis