Performance Characteristics of Modified Sierpinski Fractal Asntenna for Multiband Applications
Gudla Ramalakshmi1, P. Mallikarjuna Rao2 

1Gudla Ramalakshmi, Research Scholar, Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering, College of Engineering(A), Andhra University, Visakhapatnam, India.
2P. Mallikarjuna Rao, Professor, Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering, College of Engineering(A), Andhra University, Visakhapatnam, India.

Manuscript received on 19 March 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 24 March 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 July 2019 | PP: 2194-2200 | Volume-8 Issue-2, July 2019 | Retrieval Number: B2397078219/19©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.B2397.078219
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Abstract: The emerging advanced wireless communication technology desires more compact, multiband, moderate gain antennas. These features can be accomplished by designing of the Fractal antennas with advanced features. This paper introduces a Modified Sierpinski Fractal antenna with compact, multiband and moderate gain specifications with an embedded Rectangular slot on the regular Sierpinski triangle . The fractalisation is extended from 0 to 4 iterations to examine the radiation characteristics. Two substrate materials ARLON, FR4-epoxy are considered individually with Ԑr values 2.2, 4.4 respectively and the height of the substrate is chosen as 1.6 mm. The efficient tool ANSYS HFSS High frequency structure simulator software package is used to design and simulate the proposed antenna structure in the frequency band of 1 to 10 GHz. The simulation results are reported and studied for all the four iterations in which the 4th iteration final geometry possess better results with 4 resonant frequencies that resonates in C band and X band in case of ARLON whereas 6 resonant frequencies obtained in the same frequency bands in case of FR4 epoxy. The multiband behavior can make these structures to serve in Satellite, Military and Radar wireless communications. The resultant gain values are also maximum about 13.67dB for ARLON and 7.69 dB for FR4-epoxy materials. It is also observed that the percentage of miniaturization of about 71.53% is obtained with this modified rectangular slotted fractal geometry, suitable to multiband applications.
Index Terms: Fractalization, Haussdr off Dimension, Initiator, Magnification Factor, Miniaturization.

Scope of the Article: High Performance Concrete