Strength Conversion Factors for Concrete Based On Specimen Geometry, Aggregate Size and Direction of Loading
V Srinivasa Reddy1, M V Seshagiri Rao2, S Shrihari3
1V Srinivasa Reddy, Prof. Dr. V Srinivasa Reddy, Department of Civil Engineering at Gokaraju Rangaraju Institute of Engineering and Technology, Hyderabad, India.
2M V Seshagiri Rao, Prof. Dr. V Srinivasa Reddy, Department of Civil Engineering at Gokaraju Rangaraju Institute of Engineering and Technology, Hyderabad, India.
3S Shrihari, Prof. Dr. V Srinivasa Reddy, Department of Civil Engineering at Gokaraju Rangaraju Institute of Engineering and Technology, Hyderabad, India.
Manuscript received on 03 March 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 10 March 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 July 2019 | PP: 2125-2130 | Volume-8 Issue-2, July 2019 | Retrieval Number: B2336078219/19©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.B2336.078219
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The main goal of this study is to find out the effect of effect of specimen shape and size, aggregate size and directions of loading and placement on the compressive strength of M20, M40, M60 and M80 grades of concrete. During the experimental study, different shaped and sized concrete specimens of different concrete mix designs were tested for compressive strength at 28 days. For casting the concrete samples, totally four different moulds were utilized, which were two different sizes of cubes and two different sizes of cylinders. The cubic moulds were 100 and 150 mm. The cylindrical moulds were 150×300 and 100×200 mm. So the relationship between size and shape effect on compressive strength of concrete samples is evaluated. Casted cubes and cylinders are tested for the compressive strength under axial compression on completion of 28 days as per IS: 516-1999.In this study, the effect of specimen sizes, specimen shapes, and placement directions on concrete compressive strengths for various grades widely used is evaluated. In addition, correlations between compressive strengths with size, shape, and placement direction of the specimen are investigated. It was found that with the increase of the size of the concrete specimen, compressive strength tends to decrease. The effect of grade of concrete on the shape effectof the compressive strength decreases as the specimen size increases regardless of strength level. Conversion factors of 0.80 to 0.90 were suggested for converting compressive strength of cylinders to compressive strength of cubes. For cubes, when the placement direction is parallel to the loading direction, the compressive strength is higher than the normal case. As aggregate size increases, compressive strength is found to be increasing.
Index Terms: Specimen Shape and Size, Conversion Factors, Strength Correction Factors, Aggregate Size, Loading Direction.
Scope of the Article: Computational Geometry