Optimizing Rotavator Design Towards Enhancing Agricultural Crop Productivity
Ankush D. Bhishnurkar1, Ashok G. Matani2 

1Ankush D. Bhishnurkar, Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, G. H. Raisoni Institute of Engineering & Management, Jalgaon, India.
2Dr. Ashok G. Matani, Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Government College of Engineering, Amravati, India.

Manuscript received on 10 March 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 20 March 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 July 2019 | PP: 48-52 | Volume-8 Issue-2, July 2019 | Retrieval Number: B1796078219/19©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.B1796.078219
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: By continuous and rapid growth in industrialization as well as population, the agricultural lands are also becoming less and less continuously day by day which results in increase in the population of small land holders. In addition to this, because of continuous decreasing production the youth of the villages are also migrating in big cities for the employment, resulting decreasing manpower essential to perform various seedbed operations in the villages. Hence, it is the need of time for small farmers having small agricultural land and having less crop production to introduce the cost-effective farm mechanization so that they can improve production rate. Rotavator is the best option available to achieve this landmark as it is already proved that seedbed prepared by using rotavator gives highest benefit to cost ratio. For this experimental study the whole land of 9 acre area is divided into 18 plots of equal size in area. The combination of method of seedbed preparation and use of fertilizers were the preliminary criteria. The categories of fertilizer according to quantity are discussed earlier which are 50kg, 35kg and 65kg per acre respectively. The quantities of organic fertilizer used are 45kg and 60kg per acre of agricultural land for both seedbeds which are prepared manually and by using rotavator. The highest production of Pigeon Pea was obtained of 814kg was from the plot whose seedbed is prepared by using agricultural machine called rotavator and organic fertilizer; next highest production is obtained of 802 kg from the plot whose seedbed is prepared by using rotavator and the fertilizer used was chemical fertilizer. The minimum production of Pigeon Pea which is 690 kg was obtained in the plot whose seedbed was prepared manually and chemical fertilizer was used.
Index Terms: Fertilizer, Plot, Production, Rotavator, Seedbed Preparation

Scope of the Article: Agricultural Informatics and Communication