Machine Learning and Prediction-Based Resource Management in IoT Considering Qos
Ravi C Bhaddurgatte1, Vijaya Kumar B P2, Kusuma S M3 

1Ravi C. Bhaddurgatte, Research Scholar, Computer Science and Engineering Department, Jain University, Bangalore, India.
2Dr. Vijaya Kumar B. P., ISE Department, M S Ramaiah Institute of Engineering and Technology, Bangalore, India.
3Kusuma S. M., Telecommunication Engineering. Department, M S Ramaiah Institute of Engineering & Technology, Bangalore, India.

Manuscript received on 08 March 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 16 March 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 July 2019 | PP: 687-694 | Volume-8 Issue-2, July 2019 | Retrieval Number: B1705078219/19©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.B1705.078219
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Abstract: Internet of Things (IoT) is one of the fast-growing technology paradigms used in every sectors, where in the Quality of Service (QoS) is a critical component in such systems and usage perspective with respect to ProSumers (producer and consumers). Most of the recent research works on QoS in IoT have used Machine Learning (ML) techniques as one of the computing methods for improved performance and solutions. The adoption of Machine Learning and its methodologies have become a common trend and need in every technologies and domain areas, such as open source frameworks, task specific algorithms and using AI and ML techniques. In this work we propose an ML based prediction model for resource optimization in the IoT environment for QoS provisioning. The proposed methodology is implemented by using a multi-layer neural network (MNN) for Long Short Term Memory (LSTM) learning in layered IoT environment. Here the model considers the resources like bandwidth and energy as QoS parameters and provides the required QoS by efficient utilization of the resources in the IoT environment. The performance of the proposed model is evaluated in a real field implementation by considering a civil construction project, where in the real data is collected by using video sensors and mobile devices as edge nodes. Performance of the prediction model is observed that there is an improved bandwidth and energy utilization in turn providing the required QoS in the IoT environment.
Index Terms: Internet of Things [IoT], Machine Learning (ML), Quality of Service [QoS], Multi-layer Neural Network [MNN]

Scope of the Article: IoT