Effect of Land Control Points Spatial Allocation for the Image Registration of Remote Sensing Images
Harshlata Vishwakarma1, Sunil Kumar Katiyar2 

1Harshlata Vishwakarma, Department of Civil Engineering, MANIT, Bhopal.
2Sunil Kumar Katiyar, Department of Civil Engineering, MANIT, Bhopal.

Manuscript received on 04 March 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 08 March 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 July 2019 | PP: 6483-6488 | Volume-8 Issue-2, July 2019 | Retrieval Number: B1608078219/19©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.B1608.078219
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: With the development in space technology, new remote sensing satellites are launched around the world tremendously. The high-resolution camera gives high resolution satellite images and the large data is produced by remote sensors persistently. Because of high efficiency, the vast inclusion of data with not being restricted by the spatial parameter, satellite representation winds up one of the imperative way to obtain geo-spatial data. With this data, the obtaining of land control points is essential in the image registration and geometric improvement of satellite pictures. In this research work, the influence of the quantity and geographical distribution of land ground control point in image registration and accurateness is examine through Voronoi Diagram (Thiessen polygon). A simulation investigation was carried out using remote sensing pictures to analyze the impact of distributed patterns of land control points on image registration and correction. The corrected values are measured by square root mean error (SRME) and with residual separations. It exhibits that the center distribution gives the most reduced SRME. Additionally, demonstrates that the land control point distribution in the center of image is less distorted in comparison to land control points positioned at borders and corners. Subsequently, the centralized uniform distribution of ground control points shows better results taking into consideration the overall deformation rate on the complete image registration.
Keywords: Geometric Correction, RMSE, Residual, SP-80, SPSO, GNSS.
Scope of the Article: Image Processing and Pattern Recognition