Mixed Ligand Complexes of Transition Metal Ions with Selective Bio-Ligands in Surfactant-Water Mixtures
Srikanth Bathula1, Krishna Kumar Kotra2

1Srikanth Bathula, Department of Applied Sciences, The Papua New Guinea University of Technology, Lae, Morobe, Papua New Guinea.
2Krishna Kumar Kotra, Department of Biological and Chemical Sciences, Technology and Environment, The University of the South Pacific, Emalus Campus, Port Vila, Vanuatu.
Manuscript received on 18 October 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 25 October 2019 | Manuscript Published on 02 November 2019 | PP: 3182-3190 | Volume-8 Issue-2S11 September 2019 | Retrieval Number: B14170982S1119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.B1417.0982S1119
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: Chemical speciation of ternary complexes of L-arginine and L-aspartic acid with essential transition metal ions was studied pH metrically. The following MLX, MLXH and ML2X ternary species are detected and reported in this paper. The existence of different ternary species is established from modeling studies using the computer program MINIQUAD75. The relative concentrations (M: L: X=1:2:2, 1:2:4, 1:4:2) and stabilities of the ternary species are compared with those of binary species. The extra stability associated with the ternary complexes is attributed to factors such as charge neutralization, chelate effect, stacking interactions and hydrogen bonding. Trend in variation of stability constants with the change in the mole fraction of the surfactant in various micellar media is explained on the basis of electrostatic and non-electrostatic forces. Distribution diagrams in relation to pH and plausible structures were presented.
Keywords: Chemical Speciation; Ternary Complexes; Surfactants; MINIQUAD75, Arginine, Aspartic Acid.
Scope of the Article: Metallurgy