U-Net Based Lung Image Segmentation for Lung Disease Detection
Eusebio L. Mique1, Alvin R. Malicdem2

1Eusebio L. Mique, Jr, College of Information Technology, Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University, City of San Fernando, Philippines.
2Alvin R. Malicdem, College of Information Technology, Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University, City of San Fernando, Philippines.
Manuscript received on 16 October 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 25 October 2019 | Manuscript Published on 02 November 2019 | PP: 2743-2748 | Volume-8 Issue-2S11 September 2019 | Retrieval Number: B13360982S1119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.B1336.0982S1119
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: Lung diseases are becoming a worldwide health problem. World Health Organization estimates that by 2030, lung diseases such as Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease will be one of the leading cause of mortality. Accurate and timely detection of lung diseases may prevent further death. It is therefore vital that its early detection will lead to treatment and prevention of mortality among patients. However, the scarcity of expert or well-trained radiologists reading CXR images might delay the timely diagnosis of lung diseases especially in rural areas where the scarcity is felt. In order to aid radiologist in reading CXR images, a computer aided tool is proposed for faster and more accurate reading of CXR images. To prepare the image for processing, it need to be segmented to make it easier for the computer to understand. The goal of image segmentation in medical field is to extract the region of interest in the organ. This study is focused on developing a model that will segment the lung from CXR images. Using U-Net architecture based semantic segmentation, the researchers were able to develop and train a model using a set of 562 CXR images and lung mask images, 70 percent of the images were used for training and 30 percent for testing. The developed model achieved a final training accuracy of 97.55 percent and validation accuracy of 97.37 percent. Validation loss and training loss are also low which indicates that the model can segment lung from CXR images with minimal error. The developed model can then be used in classifying lung diseases by focusing on the segmented image rather than focusing on the entire CXR image.
Keywords: Segmentation, Lung Disease, Deep Learning, U-Net, Convolutional Neural Network.
Scope of the Article: Image analysis and Processing