Experimental Research on Wingtip Vortices using a Half Deltawing at the Tips
Muthu Kumar S

Muthu Kumar S, Department of Aeronautical Engineering, Kumaraguru College of Technology, Coimbatore (Tamil Nadu), India.
Manuscript received on 14 October 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 23 October 2019 | Manuscript Published on 02 November 2019 | PP: 2267-2272 | Volume-8 Issue-2S11 September 2019 | Retrieval Number: B12500982S1119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.B1250.0982S1119
Open Access | Editorial and Publishing Policies | Cite | Mendeley | Indexing and Abstracting
© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: The counter rotating wing tip vortices produced by the aircraft continues to be a big concern for the aviation industry and the aircraft manufacturers due to its hazardous effects on the flight safety and aircraft efficiency. The strength of the vortices poses severe problems to the aircraft operations. Manufacturers developed various wingtip devices to alleviate this problem, but still it is not fully understood and solved. In this thesis, the effectiveness of using a half delta wing at the tips is investigated. The flow field over a low aspect ratio NACA 0015 wing fitted with a slender sharp half delta wing with a leading edge sweep angle 700 at a Reynolds number 1.87 ×105 is investigated. Particle image velocimetry is used to quantify the vortex structure and force balance measurements are used to calculate the aerodynamic data of the wing. The peak vorticity, peak tangential velocity are decreased due to the addition of half delta wing. The over-all radius of the wingtip vortex increased showing a diffused vortex due to the addition of the half delta wing. The core circulation is decreased leading to a lower strength vortex. Though the tip device increased the drag, it increases the aerodynamic efficiency through the improvement in L/D.
Keywords: Wingtip Vortices, Wind Tunnel Testing, PIV, Induceddrag, Circulation, Delta Wing.
Scope of the Article: Operational Research