Modeling Actual Evapotranspiration using the Advection Aridity Model
Ananya S. G1, Lakshman Nandagiri2

1Ananya S G, Department of Applied Mechanics and Hydraulics, National Institute of Technology, Surathkal (Karnataka), India.
2Lakshman Nandagiri, Department of Applied Mechanics and Hydraulics, National Institute of Technology, Surathkal (Karnataka), India.
Manuscript received on 23 July 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 03 August 2019 | Manuscript Published on 10 August 2019 | PP: 1203-1209 | Volume-8 Issue-2S3 July 2019 | Retrieval Number: B12250782S319/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.B1225.0782S319
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Abstract: Evapotranspiration is a major process in the hydrological cycle. Between 40 to 60% of precipitation is returned back to the atmosphere in the form of evapotranspiration. Therefore, estimation of Actual Evapotranspiration (AET) is important in studies related to hydrology, agriculture and climate. However, due to the fact that calculation of AET using conventional methods require data pertaining to climate, vegetation/crop and soil moisture levels, estimation of spatial AET becomes a very tedious task. The Complementary Relationship Areal Evapotranspiration (CRAE) hypothesis has been proposed as a simpler alternative to estimate AET from large spatial domains using only routinely observed meteorological data thereby circumventing the need for data on soil-vegetation. The objective of the present work was to apply the CRAE hypothesis in Karnataka State, India and evaluate the accuracy of estimates using MODIS satellite-derived AET estimates. The Advection Aridity (AA) model which is based on the CRAE hypothesis was chosen to estimate AET using historical climate records of the Afzalpur and Hungund stations. The AA model uses the Penman equation to estimate the Potential ET and the Priestley-Taylor equation to estimate Wet Environment ET which are needed to estimate AET. Accuracy of AET values obtained from the AA model were validated using the MODIS MOD16A2 evapotranspiration product, which provides an 8-day composite AET estimate at 500 m resolution. AET estimated by the AA model compared favorably with MOD16A2 with the average Coefficient of determination (R2)for the two stations being 0.8095. While the results of this study have shown that the AA model provides reasonably accurate AET estimates with minimum data, further studies need to be carried out to improve the accuracy through local calibration of parameters.
Keywords: Actual Evapotranspiration; Advection-Aridity Model; Complementary Relationship; Potential Evapo-Transpiration; Wet-Environment Evapotranspiration.
Scope of the Article: Environmental Engineering